- Government’s made it so difficult that the pace of deportation was slower then in other
- In many countries leaders and population were willing to hand over Jewish refugees.
- In some cases it was a two-step process. Jews whom had citizenship in a country were
handed later on after the Jewish refugee’s.
- In some cases such as Romania the Nazi’s were shocked by local regimes that shared
- The reason for these different decisions of deportation and murder of citizen’s.
- Some historians argue that it was a deeply rooted anti-Semitism in Europe that led to
indifference or enthusiasm for the Nazi policies regarding Jews.
- Others make a different argument. They say it’s important to take into account the lack of
action in the Second World War.
- Historians need to remember everyone was concerned with their own survival rather then
their neighbours. Any response people had or didn’t take needs to be contextualized.
- Other historians emphasize that the forced disappearance of all these individuals created
golden opportunities for the one’s who hadn’t been deported.
- All of these stores and house that had previously belonged to Jews were left over for
- While many were taken by the Nazi’s the local’s gained from the deportations.
- As the Soviets moved through Germany the Army saw what was happening. The Allies
knew of the existence of camps but decided to not respond to that knowledge.
- The Vatican knew what was happening but did not condemn the genocide.
- The Western, Soviets and the Vatican knew what was happening well before 1945.
- Churchill and Roosevelt began to receive reports of the Nazi Death Squads in Eastern
- Jews whom knew what was coming tried to flee when they saw Hitler’s rise to power. In a
conference of 1938 Britain, France and the USA made it clear to Eastern and Central
Europeans that they wouldn’t be welcomed in any of these countries.
- The US