Sept. 16, 2013
Important Schopenhauer aspects when reading Nietzsche
The concept of will – how will manifests itself in us. The underlying principle of reality –
a conflictual, aggressive, blind force.
The ultimate drive of every being – the will to power – to grow stronger, increase,
stronger than self-preservation. Will to power – representations.
Our beliefs are based off our drives, desires, etc.
Something we believe is rational and reasonable actually have a non-rational basis
Leads to Nietzsche skepticism about knowledge – beliefs should not be based on
For Schopenhauer, the fact that we are will is not a good thing – escape through
For Nietzsche, yes, life is will to power, but it’s not a bad thing – something from which
we should want to escape, it’s AFFIRMING the way that it is
Rejects escape routes through ascetic contemplation and asceticism
Different evaluation and understanding of art, beauty, and asceticism than
Beauty enables happiness
Art is a beautiful illusion
Beauty heightens our sensibilities, desires, etc. makes living more bearable, makes us
want to live. Beauty is an illusion – pro-illusion that enhances life
Is the beautiful lie that makes us happy better than the truth that makes us bitter?
Asceticism – freedom from desires – N doesn’t think that’s a good thing
Dominant mode is skepticism
The appearances that we perceive is a function of the being that we are – our
perceptions match us
Philosophical works are a representation of their desires, etc.
No theory of reality as such (objectively)
Metaphysics of the will to power – pictures are a representation of the functions of our
No way out of will to power (and no need to want to get out)
Morality and knowledge are not exempt from will to power
Our moral system is a function of will to power
We ARE will to power – we may not be sure of the illusions of the world, but the one
thing we can be sure of is will to power No God, no afterlife, no justification for our existence, no historical progress, life begins
in suffering and end in death
How to live without being nihilistic – how to see the world and retain value
NIETZSCHE – ON TRUTH AND LIES IN A NONMORL SENSE
1) Critique of human pride in “knowledge” and “truth”
-the idea that human beings are special, not like other species, made in the image of
God, special abilities that set them above – reason, conscience, etc.
-evolution – the apex of th