Class Notes (834,627)
Canada (508,661)
Philosophy (1,795)
PHI3377 (28)
Lecture 3

Lecture 3 - Nietzsche

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Sonia Sikka

Sept. 16, 2013 Important Schopenhauer aspects when reading Nietzsche  The concept of will – how will manifests itself in us. The underlying principle of reality – a conflictual, aggressive, blind force.  The ultimate drive of every being – the will to power – to grow stronger, increase, stronger than self-preservation. Will to power – representations.  Our beliefs are based off our drives, desires, etc.  Something we believe is rational and reasonable actually have a non-rational basis  Leads to Nietzsche skepticism about knowledge – beliefs should not be based on motives.  For Schopenhauer, the fact that we are will is not a good thing – escape through aesthetics  For Nietzsche, yes, life is will to power, but it’s not a bad thing – something from which we should want to escape, it’s AFFIRMING the way that it is  Rejects escape routes through ascetic contemplation and asceticism  Different evaluation and understanding of art, beauty, and asceticism than Schopenhauer  Beauty enables happiness  Art is a beautiful illusion  Beauty heightens our sensibilities, desires, etc. makes living more bearable, makes us want to live. Beauty is an illusion – pro-illusion that enhances life  Is the beautiful lie that makes us happy better than the truth that makes us bitter?  Asceticism – freedom from desires – N doesn’t think that’s a good thing  Dominant mode is skepticism  The appearances that we perceive is a function of the being that we are – our perceptions match us  Philosophical works are a representation of their desires, etc.  No theory of reality as such (objectively)  Metaphysics of the will to power – pictures are a representation of the functions of our values  No way out of will to power (and no need to want to get out)  Morality and knowledge are not exempt from will to power  Our moral system is a function of will to power  We ARE will to power – we may not be sure of the illusions of the world, but the one thing we can be sure of is will to power  No God, no afterlife, no justification for our existence, no historical progress, life begins in suffering and end in death  How to live without being nihilistic – how to see the world and retain value NIETZSCHE – ON TRUTH AND LIES IN A NONMORL SENSE 1) Critique of human pride in “knowledge” and “truth” -the idea that human beings are special, not like other species, made in the image of God, special abilities that set them above – reason, conscience, etc. -evolution – the apex of th
More Less

Related notes for PHI3377

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.