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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 - Nietzsche
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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHI3377
Professor
Sonia Sikka
Semester
Fall

Description
Sept. 16, 2013 Important Schopenhauer aspects when reading Nietzsche  The concept of will – how will manifests itself in us. The underlying principle of reality – a conflictual, aggressive, blind force.  The ultimate drive of every being – the will to power – to grow stronger, increase, stronger than self-preservation. Will to power – representations.  Our beliefs are based off our drives, desires, etc.  Something we believe is rational and reasonable actually have a non-rational basis  Leads to Nietzsche skepticism about knowledge – beliefs should not be based on motives.  For Schopenhauer, the fact that we are will is not a good thing – escape through aesthetics  For Nietzsche, yes, life is will to power, but it’s not a bad thing – something from which we should want to escape, it’s AFFIRMING the way that it is  Rejects escape routes through ascetic contemplation and asceticism  Different evaluation and understanding of art, beauty, and asceticism than Schopenhauer  Beauty enables happiness  Art is a beautiful illusion  Beauty heightens our sensibilities, desires, etc. makes living more bearable, makes us want to live. Beauty is an illusion – pro-illusion that enhances life  Is the beautiful lie that makes us happy better than the truth that makes us bitter?  Asceticism – freedom from desires – N doesn’t think that’s a good thing  Dominant mode is skepticism  The appearances that we perceive is a function of the being that we are – our perceptions match us  Philosophical works are a representation of their desires, etc.  No theory of reality as such (objectively)  Metaphysics of the will to power – pictures are a representation of the functions of our values  No way out of will to power (and no need to want to get out)  Morality and knowledge are not exempt from will to power  Our moral system is a function of will to power  We ARE will to power – we may not be sure of the illusions of the world, but the one thing we can be sure of is will to power  No God, no afterlife, no justification for our existence, no historical progress, life begins in suffering and end in death  How to live without being nihilistic – how to see the world and retain value NIETZSCHE – ON TRUTH AND LIES IN A NONMORL SENSE 1) Critique of human pride in “knowledge” and “truth” -the idea that human beings are special, not like other species, made in the image of God, special abilities that set them above – reason, conscience, etc. -evolution – the apex of th
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