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Lecture 9

POL 1101 Lecture 9: Executives and Legislatures


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL 1101
Professor
Andre Lecours
Lecture
9

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The Branches of the state
Legislative: legislates (makes laws), representation
Unicameral: legislature that consists of one chamber or house
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Bicameral: legislature in two separate assemblies, chambers or houses
More complicated, greater number of veto players
House of Commons, the Senate
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Veto Players: an actor whose consent is required for the status-quo bill to be
changed/amended
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Form laws for widest range possible, not always fairly represented during elections
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Most social groups represented in legislature, can still be fairly represented despite
elections
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Legislative Committees
Standing Committees: look after bills proposed in clearly defined
issue/policy areas (Permanent)
Exercise oversight/scrutiny over gov. department/civil service in their
area of responsibility
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More SC: committee members not overburdened, can focus clearly
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Less SC: federal has more broad control/oversight
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1.
Ad hoc Committees: examine/investigate particularly sensitive issue,
scandal, problem of immediate concern to pop. (Temporary)
2.
Joint Committees: resolve conflicts that emerge between both chambers,
ensure both chambers have chance to scrutinize gov.
Bicameral Legislation
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3.
Executive (government): makes public policy decisions
Implementing laws made by legislature
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Head of State: representing/maintaining the unity of state (Gov. General)
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Head of Government: day-to-day management of the political affairs of the state
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3:45 PM

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