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Lecture 9

POL 1101 Lecture 9: Executives and Legislatures

Political Science
Course Code
POL 1101
Andre Lecours

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The Branches of the state
Legislative: legislates (makes laws), representation
Unicameral: legislature that consists of one chamber or house
Bicameral: legislature in two separate assemblies, chambers or houses
More complicated, greater number of veto players
House of Commons, the Senate
Veto Players: an actor whose consent is required for the status-quo bill to be
Form laws for widest range possible, not always fairly represented during elections
Most social groups represented in legislature, can still be fairly represented despite
Legislative Committees
Standing Committees: look after bills proposed in clearly defined
issue/policy areas (Permanent)
Exercise oversight/scrutiny over gov. department/civil service in their
area of responsibility
More SC: committee members not overburdened, can focus clearly
Less SC: federal has more broad control/oversight
Ad hoc Committees: examine/investigate particularly sensitive issue,
scandal, problem of immediate concern to pop. (Temporary)
Joint Committees: resolve conflicts that emerge between both chambers,
ensure both chambers have chance to scrutinize gov.
Bicameral Legislation
Executive (government): makes public policy decisions
Implementing laws made by legislature
Head of State: representing/maintaining the unity of state (Gov. General)
Head of Government: day-to-day management of the political affairs of the state
3:45 PM

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