POL 2101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Report On The Affairs Of British North America, Responsible Government, Redone

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POL2101 – Lecture 1
One of four main fields of study in Political Science
• Normative Politics
o Tend to ask the “big questions” in politics
• International Relations
o Used to be war / peace
o Now includes things such as
! Environment
! Trade
! Health
! Peace keeping
! Human Rights
• Comparative Politics
• Canadian Politics
o Same thing as comparative politics but because we live in
Canada it is branded as unique. All countries do the same
thing
• Where does the theme of Canadian politics come from?
o People who studied Canadian politics were mostly done by
o How the house of commons works
o How the senate worked
o Influence of the Crown
o Society however was mostly ignored
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o In the 80s and 90s there were a lot of constitutional changes
constitutional lawyers
o Prior to the 70s Aboriginal Politics was basically ignored, but
o Relationships between the Federal government and Provincial
! Studied the “hardware” not the people involved in Canada
! This generated a lot of articles for study of late have been a huge factor in Canadian
politics government
! Study of provincial politics is now acquiring greater and greater importance
o Comparative studies in Canadian Politics
! Ask why we are, or why we aren’t doing something the
same was another country
" Or provincially rather than nationally
The Evolution of State in Canada 11-01-07 12:21 AM
History of Canada
• France and Britain colonized Canada in the 1500s and 1600s
• Prior to their arrival was occupied by Aboriginal people
• The colonists and the aboriginals fought sporadically, mostly in
Quebec and Ontario, for nearly 200 years
• 1713 Treaty of Utrecht
o Britain gained control of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland
• 7 Year War between France and Britain
o 1759 Battle of the Plains of Abraham
o 1763 Treaty of Paris
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