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thMay 6 2014Chapter 5 Developing Through the Life Teratology Scientific field study of birth Spandefects and its causesTeratogens Effects depend on dose time I Introductionof exposure and genetic variabilityDevelopmental Psychology Study of development and change from birth to Genetic susceptibility and gender make a deathdifference More baby boys born with birth Development Patterns of change that begin defectsfrom conception and continue throughout lifespan Includes decayMaternal factorsPrescriptionnonprescription drugs5 major questions to answerPsychoactive drugs influences the 1Nature nurturebehaviour of the brain eg AlcoholFAS2Continuity stages Change then Infectious diseases eg HIV Herpes HPVplateauNutrition eg folic acid3Stability change in behavioursEmotional statesstress 4Critical periods Age range where Age Mother 18 or 45 has higher risk for certain behaviours must take place passing down syndrome to child or they do not properly developExposure to environmental hazards5Impact of early experienceChildhood experience influences Paternal factors adult behaviourVitamin C deficiency Smoking damages DNAII Prenatal DevelopmentThe NewbornExposure to radiationPesticidesB1Age 45 has higher risk for mental 3 stages of prenatal developmentretardation and down syndromeGestation Period duration of pregnancy C The Competent Newbornfrom conception to birthWithin a few hours a child can distinguish the mothers face and voice Learns to form st1 germinal stage 1014 days ZygoteexpectationsWhen male zygote attaches to the egg this stage is over most zygotes who die are Methods of study maleBrain waves sucking response orienting nd2 embryonic stage Embryoreflex habituation less responsiveness to Explosive growth Placenta forms all limbs special stimulusand nerves begin to formEg Slater et al 1988 time looking at stimulus for 7 hour old babiesrd3 fetal stage FetusFurther maturation and developmentCompetenciesExplosive growth of the brainReflexes Automatic unlearned behavioursEvidence fetus can learn in the wombSights and sounds Baby prefer human sightssoundsSmellsSucking stepping and graspingIII Infancy and ChildhoodB2 Environmental InfluencesA Physical Development
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