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Weber writes: “The Puritans wanted to be men of the calling -- we, on the other hand,
must be.” (p. 120) What does he mean by this?
Missing a real democracy and any sense of the supernatural in a
Paradox: we can never be satisfied. Wanting more knowledge and to know
everything which we cannot
Democracy required getting rid of the important people and their rules, and
in place of that older rule we put bureaucracy, and create new elites – the
Democracy requires rationalization
Equality before the law
2 Types of Rationalities
Formal Rationality: what we are good at in bureaucracy. We can do justice
according to the rules; it makes sense to internal logic. Within the system
your in it holds everything together
Substantive Rationality: something that can be formally rational can be
Democracy requires rationalization and getting rid of bureaucracy.
Political problems: we cannot decide based on rationality on what
government system to have.
Weber & Science:
Being a scientist means sacrificing your life to the quest of increasing our
understanding of the world but we will never see the fully completed results.
We want other people to know more than we know.
Science cannot satisfy us.
There is a further problem. Science can provide tools for answering
questions, but it cannot tell you what questions are important and should be
discovered. Things can have relevance and a meaning within science, but it
can’t tell you why it should matter to the human being.
Science cannot tell you about ultimate values (what it is all about). The
higher the quality of the scientific work, the less likely you will find the
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