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Lecture 10

SOC1101 Lecture 10.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC1101
Professor
Willow Scobie
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC1101B – Lecture 1 Professor Scobie Karl Marx (F. Engels) - Conflict Theory - (Change Theory) Writing and living in the mid 1800s. In London, the industrial revolution had taken off at this time. People were looking for wages (pushed off farms), people of all ages work – men and women – and life in factories is very difficult (long hours, low wages, few protective measures in place to keep people safe from toxic environments and harsh working conditions). Because so many people moved to the city in such a short period of time, housing was crowded, no infrastructure to support this time, literally shit in the streets, illness is rampant, factory owners provide beer in the factories, water was contaminated, etc… This is the place/people that Marx and Engels were writing about, In Marx’s theory, the mode of production was a capitalist mode of production. Profit was the objective, and a high priority was keeping the cost of labor down. In this system, the government and legal system argue that religion and art reflect the mode of production. These operated in ways to celebrate capitalism. In capitalist regime, it is about the pursuit of profit, which is the most important goal. If we think about some of the legal characters of Canada, the legal system privileges the right of private property. In our culture, which is a capitalist culture, we have a very rigid sense of private property, which is not a global truth. There are many places in the world where there is a very different sense of private property. In the development of Marx’s theories, he is concerned with the results of thus system, saying that he is concerned with social fragmentation, disintegration and conflict. Because the pursuit of profit is the most important factor, there has to be exploitation, and because of that exploitation, it puts the factory owner and factory worker in conflict with each other (i.e. Their interests) and this is one of the organizing elements of the Capitalist society. Class System - We are divided into two groups: o The people (workers) who have a common relationship to the means of production (how they make a living) - There are 2 main classes: o Bourgeoisie – industrialists, capitalists  They own the means of production o The Proletariat – working class  They sell their labor to the bourgeoisie This relationship is fraught with tension and struggle. It is also exploitative. Manifesto of the Communist Party (re
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