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Lecture 18

Lecture 18 - Race and Ethnicity.docx

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University of Ottawa
Willow Scobie

Lecture 18 Race and Ethnicity Thursday, November 21, 2013 Definitions: - Race: o A category of people who share certain common physical traits deemed to be socially significant o There are no clear-cut “races”, only a range of physical differences - Human populations are a continuum, and the genetic diversity within populations share visible traits is as great as the diversity between them - Process of racialization – is the process by which people use their understandings of race to classify individuals - Historically, certain groups were thought to be distinct biological groups - Beginning in the 15 century, as Europeans expanded their travel, their increased contact with different regions of the world lead to attempts to categorizes and explain natural and social dynamics o Slavery apartheid, segregation and racial discrimination - Racialization also means singling people out for unequal treatment on the basis on real or imagined physical characteristics o Part of discrimination Ethnic Groups - Distinguished by socially selected cultural traits, rather than physical traits Ethnocentrism - Social groups and cultures tends to evaluate themselves and their way of life favourably in relation to others Racism: - A system of domination through social processes and social institutions o It can be a strong belief in Institutional Racism - Belief that white supremacy structures all social rel
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