1. What are the short-term and long-term health effects of exposure to air pollution in childhood?
a. Short-term: wheezing and coughing
i. Peak flow decrements in children with Asthma
ii. Symptoms: serious aasthma exacerbation and pneumonia exacerbation
iii. Modify infectivity
iv. Lung inflammation
v. Asthma, decreased lung function, sensitivity to allergens, during pregnancy =
early fetal loss/fatalities, preterm delivery, low birth weight
b. Long term: decreased lung function, chronic bronchitis, and chronic cough
2. What are some factors, which determine the severity or degree of these health impacts? For
instance, why are children more at risk than adults?
a. Lung is not well formed at birth. Development of full functionality does not occur until
about age 6
b. Children have a larger lung surface area per kg of body weight th