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Lecture 3

PSY100Y5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Microanalysis, Lucid Dream, Cognitive Neuroscience

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Dax Urbszat

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PSY100: LAB 3
SIgmund Freud:
- Unconscious vs. conscious:
- His theories were very influential
- Things that happen in childhood can have an effect later on.
3 parts of the mind:
-Id: internal drives. Driven by pleasure and avoid pain. Unconscious
E.g. sexual desires, impulses.
He used to say that children had a lot of id.
-Super-ego: morals and values of society. Conscious
What is appropriate and what isn’t?
Controls Id.
Makes you feel guilt, like conscience.
-Ego: personality, who you are. Conscious
Mediates b/w Id and Super-ego
Avoids anxiety:
-Ego defense mechanisms:
-Repression: intentional forgetting, pushing to the unconscious
-the mind is like a steam engine: too much repression could
make the mind blow
-Some of it leaks: dreams
- Dreams disguise the true meaning:
Latent message: actual message
Manifest message: symbolic message
Dreams can have more than one meaning
-Might develop mental illness:
-Psychosomatic illness: you feel physical symptoms but
nothing is wrong.
-Symptoms relate to psychological illness.
-Free association: “what is the 1st word you think of when you hear this
Dream journal: write a paragraph or 2, present tense. Circle all nouns.
- 4 ways in which dreams disguise a message?: to relieve anxiety
-Opposites: they are equal in a dream. What you see in your dream is
the opposite of what is bothering you.
E.g. cold room → hot room
-Condensation: a symbol is a combination of 2 or more
Can also combine 2 places
What is the relationship b/w the 2 symbols?
-Literal phrases: your unconscious takes a phrase from your
conscious and LITERALLY translates it into a dream
E.g. driving me up the wall = driving you crazy. But you see your boss
-Sounds like: single word sounds like 2 words.
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