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Anthropology (1,000)
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Lecture

lecture notes for lectures 1 through 10!


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA02H3
Professor
Maggie Cummings

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Lecture 1
Field work and Ethnography. Field work is basically is what sets anthropologist apart from
other disciplines. Anthropologists for the most part live among the people that they are
studying. Field work is a rite of passage and it turns you into an anthropologist. You cannot
call yourself an anthropologist until you do field work.
Ethnography is what anthropologists write after they do their field work. The books we are
using in this course is based on field work. Often, anthropologists post shorter types of
work. Ethnography is analysis and theorizing. The point is to portray a natives culture
point of view. Geertz gives so many examples and paints such a vivid picture. Thick
description (Geertz) is many different layers and what this is meant to do but to give you
context.
Anthropologists havent always done field work. Marco polo is someone who went off to
somewhere and wrote about his travels which is sort of like what anthropology. Victorian
anthropologists where strongly influenced by Darwins theory of evolution. Edward Tylers
definition of culture was civilization. James Fraser did a comparative study of myth and
religion. He theorized is that all cultures started with cultures with magical thinking.
Religious thinking was the next one. Scientific thought is the last one.
The thought the order of cilivilization was magical thinking, religious thinking, and finally
scientific thought.
The two anthropologists that were the fathers’ of field work. Malinowski was polish and
came in the London and he received grant to go and sit in the venranda but he didnt get
his hands dirty, he just watched from above. He couldnt go back to the U.K because he was
a enemy’ during the war. He started to live along the people and famously lived with young
female people. What he did was called participant observation is about participating and
then write the notes. Malinowski had a problem with ranking cultures and he realized that
the people they were studying was not just savage and that they had complex kin
relationships, economics, politics. He was really one the first people to say to stop the
ranking of cultures and that they are just different.
The other father of field work is Franz Boas and he was working in America. He also
believed that cultures needed to be studied on their own terms because its own culture has
its own history. To judge another culture with your cultures own standards is called
ethnocentrism ?
Field work is based on first hand knowledge. It is holistic and you should understand
holistically. It is comparative but you dont rank.
www.notesolution.com

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Culture is shared patterns of learned behaviour. Slightly more elaborately, learned sets of
ideas and behaviours that are acquired and shared by members of a society.
Boas culture as a lens for experience. If we didnt have culture, we wouldnt know how to
eat, how to use a fork, etc. We need culture to live in the world. Every culture has its own
glasses or lens.
Culture is what sets us different from animals because they dont have culture. It allows us
to function as social animals. Culture is something human and not a characteristic of
animals.
The first idea is that cultures have a pattern or themes or meanings that underlie that
culture and tie everything together.
Many anthropologists have argued that cultures may not be so neatly tied into one whole.
Salvage ethnography is based on some cultures that are disappearing and that we need to
save them or if we cant, we need to write down as much about that culture before its gone.
Multi-sited ethnography involves going to several places for field work.
Native anthropology is when someone such aboriginal people studying aboriginal
anthropology. It is when the people study themselves.
Ethnography at home is when you study your own culture.
Post-colonial anthropology looks at ............ ?
Interpretive anthropology ?
Cockfights are actually fights between men. The cock is a metaphor for penis and therefore
masculinity. Only men go to cockfights. Cocks represent humanness but they also represent
what they fear most about themselves. The deepest cockfights are the ones between the
most socially high status. The highest amount of money wagered in cockfights are most
even and therefore most predictable. It is not about the money as much and therefore about
status. HOWEVER, you dont raise or lose your status by winning or losing and the reason
why people bet is because they invest significance in it. The cockfight teach the Balinese
about status.
Lecture 1
Field work and Ethnography. Field work is basically is what sets anthropologist apart from
other disciplines. Anthropologists for the most part live among the people that they are
www.notesolution.com

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

studying. Field work is a rite of passage and it turns you into an anthropologist. You cannot
call yourself an anthropologist until you do field work.
Ethnography is what anthropologists write after they do their field work. The books we are
using in this course is based on field work. Often, anthropologists post shorter types of
work. Ethnography is analysis and theorizing. The point is to portray a natives culture
point of view. Geertz gives so many examples and paints such a vivid picture. Thick
description (Geertz) is many different layers and what this is meant to do but to give you
context.
Anthropologists havent always done field work. Marco polo is someone who went off to
somewhere and wrote about his travels which is sort of like what anthropology. Victorian
anthropologists where strongly influenced by Darwins theory of evolution. Edward Tylers
definition of culture was civilization. James Fraser did a comparative study of myth and
religion. He theorized is that all cultures started with cultures with magical thinking.
Religious thinking was the next one. Scientific thought is the last one.
The thought the order of cilivilization was magical thinking, religious thinking, and finally
scientific thought.
The two anthropologists that were the fathers’ of field work. Malinowski was polish and
came in the London and he received grant to go and sit in the venranda but he didnt get
his hands dirty, he just watched from above. He couldnt go back to the U.K because he was
a enemy’ during the war. He started to live along the people and famously lived with young
female people. What he did was called participant observation is about participating and
then write the notes. Malinowski had a problem with ranking cultures and he realized that
the people they were studying was not just savage and that they had complex kin
relationships, economics, politics. He was really one the first people to say to stop the
ranking of cultures and that they are just different.
The other father of field work is Franz Boas and he was working in America. He also
believed that cultures needed to be studied on their own terms because its own culture has
its own history. To judge another culture with your cultures own standards is called
ethnocentrism ?
Field work is based on first hand knowledge. It is holistic and you should understand
holistically. It is comparative but you dont rank.
Culture is shared patterns of learned behaviour. Slightly more elaborately, learned sets of
ideas and behaviours that are acquired and shared by members of a society.
www.notesolution.com
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