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Lecture 1

ANTB19H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Time Complexity, Segmentary Lineage, Patrilineality

Course Code
Donna Young

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10-12 generations of dominant clan (diel)
largest group of agnate who trace their descent from a common ancestor and
between whom marriage is forbidden
lineages (4-6 generations)- maximum, major, minor, minimal
Clans are highly segmented (segments are little families inside the clan structure)-
the little sub segments are called lineages (seminary lineage system)
clan=agnates, but everyone can trace these relationships to your cognates and
affines and Nuer called this the MAR
segmentary lineage is only about patrilineage systems (clans remain relatively
constant but segments within are highly dynamic)
p.198 (lineage values are thus essentially relative like tribal values, and we suggest
later that the processes of lineage segmentation and political segmentation are to
some extent coordinate- it depends on where you are) *** possible exam question:
Tribe (territory) politics
sections- primary, secondary, tertiary
*** Exam (2 hrs, essay question will be given)
Distinction is the what the anthropologist makes
Anthropologists look at how structures of society are interrelated and help to
reproduce the society over time (this is why EP is called structural functionalist: it is
a theory about how a society works, anthropologists were trying to isolate the
institutions that the gave the society its values---- Canada: an anthropologist would
look at maybe kinship, political structure, legal structure, education system,
economics, etc)
Nuer: he describes the ways kinship and political structures works together to
create the Nuer society
He's mostly concerned with kinship and political structures and the systems he's
concerned with are clan and tribe
Reciprocity: I look after you and you look after me (the system in clans)- it is
marked by gift giving and by ritual symbols
Nuer lineages are not corporate (political systems are corporate)- through fishing,
lineage groups can go live in another community (political affiliations and tribal
allegiance is determined by where people live and where the cattle live)
Rules of exogamy: you have to marry outside your clan, and certain ritual activities
and homicide
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