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Lecture

ANTA01 - SUMMER 2012 - LECTURE 1 - INTRO TO ANTHROPOLOGY

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA01H3
Professor
Carolan Wood
Semester
Summer

Description
LEC 1 – ANTa01 ANTHROPOL (ANT)  Greek anthropos = human and logos = study of  Multidisciplinary and holistic framework – learn from other disciplines eg history, envi, poli economy  Use of biocultural model = integrate both bio and culture together  Look at problem (disease) –  Scurvy – vit C deficiency –  What are biological conditions causing this – look at cultural issues  Some reason why these ppl not getting enough C?  Relevance of anthro? (CHUMPE)  Understand humans in all times and places  Avoid misunderstanding/lessen intolerance  Avoids ethnocentric explanation – based on own culture  Learn from past to better our future – give sense of humility – where we belong – place in bio world.  Practical concern eg health issues –  Learn from past to solve current problems FIELD OF ANT  CULTURAL ANTHRO – study human culture  Patterns of learned beh/thoughts of members of soc  NOT bio inherited (but learned)  Deals with Language knowledge, beliefs, moral,customs, laws of culture/subculture  ANTHRO LINGUISTICS – study of human comm. or language  Language use, origins, form, function, social context, rlsps  Eg. Men speaking to women vs children  ARCHAEOLOGY – study past human culture thru material culture (stuff left behind)  Physical manifestation of human activity  Patterns of human beh based on landscape use (envi), distribution of artifacts, features (firepits eg.)  Types of arch – (HCUPZ)  classical (greek, roman)  historic = arch that deals with ppl with written records  prehistoric – no written records  zooarch – animal bones  urbanarch - modern day context, look to see what ppl have thrown out  PHYS/BIO ANTHRO  Study of bio dieversity of humans, ancestors and primates  Look as humans as bio organism in the evo framework  Progression of human condition  PALEOANTHRO – evo of human anatomy and beh in fossil record  Phys – appearance of skull LEC 1 – ANTa01  Beh – hunting, scavenging, fire, shelters  PRIMATOLOGY – study of nonhuman primates (wild, zoo, or lab). Can infer the:  Beh  Anatomy  Genetics  Ecology – similar adaptations to our ancestors?  SKEL BIO AND OSTEOLOGY (prof’s specialty)  Study human skel  Physio (function), growth and development (infant to puberty etc)  Skel of past pop – to reconstruct life conditions and adaptations  Eg. Cementtary pop – if growth/dev similar to modern day?  In past – growth was slowed down  Health related issues – can be rel to envi  Skel in legal context (forensic anthro = identify unknown human remains)  Eg. Time since death, trauma, manner of death, mode of death (never do we do the cause of death)  HUMAN BIO (study of living humans as opposed to skel remains)  Growth and dev (not just skel)  Adaptation (in regards to disease, envi)  Genetics  Interrlsp b/w all these diff things (diet, health, culture, evo) WHAT IS SCIENCE?  SCI METHOD (SM)  Observation – collect data  Make HYP = prelim explanation/generalization about way things work  Collect data to test hyp (thru obversation and experimentation)  Interpret data (determine if it supports or reject hypothesis)  hyp must be testable or falsifiying – it’s never proven, only fail to reject  only support, not prove hypothesis THEORY – set of repeated tested/passed HYPs Eg. Th of evo supported by evidence EVO APPROACH  EVO THEORY =  generalizaed th of dev of life  Basic tenet of bio sci  For anthro – we look at features of human bio and culture and view as adaptations  We look pimrarily at evo rlsp of humans to other  primates and  other cultures  why study history? Or dev of evo th?  In the past, major roadblocks in regards to evo th  Eg. Ppl thought world was flat LEC 1 – ANTa01  Thought that age of earth was young – not enough time for evo to happen in this short period  Concept of “fixity” of species – thought that organisms were created in present form, unchanging and distinct  Same applies for human and animals  Separate creation for humans and animals – processes applied to animals but not necessarily humans (eg. Alledegly we’re on top of the food chain” ROOTS OF MODERN SCIENCE  Ancient greeks – write about natural world and our place in it  4 century BCE – Aristotle – described and classified number of plant/animal life  idea that species were fixed (Aristotle) – did not change thru time  put forth this idea of Great Chain of Being – idea that there was an order to things, every living creature was linked to chain, and that species could not become extinct (humans were at the top of this chain)  carried into 18 century (this idea) MIDDLE AGES  problems with plagues  had a stat
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