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Lecture 03

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Maggie Cummings

Lecture 02 ANTA02H3 Monday, January 21, 2013 Key terms / names - Worldview; ritual, rites of passage - Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf - ‘Adamic’ view of language - Metaphors we live by (Lakoff and Johnson) - Domains of experience - Time as objectified and specialized - Benjamin Franklin - Protestant work ethics; Max Weber - Ritual - Rites of passage, segregation, transition, integration - Liminality and Communitas Worldview - An encompassing picture of reality based on a set of shared assumptions about how the world works - Multiple worldviews may coexist in a single culture, or a single worldview may dominate Thinking about worldview: cause of death - How do we explain death in secular North American culture? o Natural vs. Unnatural death o Age vs. Illness o Single murder, mass murder o Suicide o Genetics o Unhealthy lifestyle - Who can have a natural death in Trobriand Islands? Who can’t? - How do these ideas about death reflect and perpetuate their respective worldviews? o Shared perception of reality o Each person in matrilineage is a reincarnation of one of their ancestors, you are born into it and you are the new embodiment of the matrilineage ancestor o You are not killing them off, you are also killing them off symbolically o Sorcery can be performed (paying someone) Language, Culture, and reality - “We are what we speak” - Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: there is a systematic relationship between the categories of the language a person speaks and how that person understands the world and behaves in it - In other words, different language patterns yield different patterns of thought - Reality is not just reflect
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