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Lecture 5

ANTB19 lecture 5.docx

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Donna Young

Clan:  10-12 generations of dominant clan (diel)  largest group of agnate who trace their descent from a common ancestor and between whom marriage is forbidden  lineages (4-6 generations)- maximum, major, minor, minimal  Clans are highly segmented (segments are little families inside the clan structure)- the little sub segments are called lineages (seminary lineage system)  clan=agnates, but everyone can trace these relationships to your cognates and affines and Nuer called this the MAR  segmentary lineage is only about patrilineage systems (clans remain relatively constant but segments within are highly dynamic)  p.198 (lineage values are thus essentially relative like tribal values, and we suggest later that the processes of lineage segmentation and political segmentation are to some extent coordinate- it depends on where you are) *** possible exam question: discuss Tribe (territory) politics  sections- primary, secondary, tertiary *** Exam (2 hrs, essay question will be given) Nuer:  Distinction is the what the anthropologist makes  Anthropologists look at how structures of society are interrelated and help to reproduce the society over time (this is why EP is called structural functionalist: it is a theory about how a society works, anthropologists were trying to isolate the institutions that the gave the society its values---- Canada: an anthropologist would look at maybe kinship, political structure, legal structure, education system, economics, etc)  Nuer: he describes the ways kinship and political structures works together to create the Nuer society  He's mostly concerned with kinship and political structures and the systems he's concerned with are clan and tribe  Reciprocity: I look after you and you look after me (the system in clans)- it is marked by gift giving and by ritual symbols  Nuer lineages are not corporate (political systems are corporate)- through fishing, lineage groups can go live in another community (political affiliations and tribal allegiance is determined by where people live and where the cattle live)  Rules of exogamy: you have to marry outside your clan, and certain ritual activities and homicide  In social life "quotidian life" (daily life): it is community and tribe that is important, it depends on where you live  feuds in tribe leads to dispersal and new alliances are formed (read around p. 110 over and over again till it makes sense)  Group of brothers move away from ancestral place and move to place of sister's husband's place: they do this because it is a place where they are welcome and they already have alliances there (they
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