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Lecture 3

lecture 3 notes- apollo

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Classical Studies
Anna Walsh

Lecture 3 Poseidon Slide 1 A very close rival to Zeus is his older brother Poseidon Greeks put an enormous importance to the sea. A lot of their food came from sea (didnt really grow things in soil) Picture of statue of Poseidon: very similar in portrayal as Zeus but more mature looking and developed (longer beard and older face bc hes older). Key differences bt poseidon and zeus: the object he was carrying (he carries trident three pronged spear and where he hit it on the ground earthquakes occurred. zeus on the other hand carries thunderbolt) Poseidon is known as the earth shaker slide 2 when the US wanted to build weapon to shake the earth using nuclear weapon they named it the trident missile Slide 3 someone named a ship Poseidon and that supposedly angered the god and the ship got destroyed Slide 4 the trident fish dolphin horse and bull associated with poseidon Slide 5 Another statue of Poseidon. We know why hes associated with fish and dolphin but why horse and bull? The ancients thought that he travelled the seas in a chariot pulled by horses that moved thru the seas. Slide 6 Picture of Poseidon being pulled in his chariot by horses. This notion of horse and water is depicted in lord of the rings www.notesolution.comSlide7 He is depicted on many ancient coins with his trident and associated with the sea and on another coin his name with a picture of a bull whose a very strong animal and when walking their hooves causes the earth to shake a bit (like what the trident does) Slide 8 Picture of Zeus and Hades. Hades got the worst deal when the 3 brothers were splitting what part of the universe they would rule over. He was accompanied by a three headed dog, had a crown and had a staff crook. Slide 9 Poseidon in contemporary literature morphs into this old man of the sea (eg dad in little mermaid) and imagined he lived in this beautiful under water kingdom Slide 10 He had children of his own and father of the famous Cyclopes (one eyed creatures) who stole Zeuss thunderbolt later on Slide 11 In 1930 this statue was found and there was a debate about this statue and who this person was. On one hand they argues that it was Zeus and on the other hand they argued that it was Poseidon and the one key piece that is missing to this day is what was in the statues hand (which weapon?) researchers analyzed how the hand was positioned to determine what he could have been holding Slide12 We know of Poseidons view in the imagination of the Greeks due to the myths that were told and the changes in these myths. In the original telling of the rise to power of the Olympians, it wasnt only Zeus that escaped being eaten by Cronos but also Poseidon had escaped so
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