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The chest pass
This is the safest and most accurate pass you can use. It is safe because higher passes which loop
upwards are likely to be intercepted by the opposing team. Chest level is also the easiest area of
the body to receive a pass. Passes that arrive below chest level are difficult to catch and are likely
to be less controlled.
To perform a chest pass, hold the basketball close to your chest, with your fingers spread around
the ball. As you push the ball to your teammate (after making eye contact with them to ensure
they realise the pass is about to be made), take a step forward and extend your arms sharply. As
your arms straighten after releasing the ball, snap your wrists inward. Your thumbs should be
together and pointing downwards, whereas your fingers should always follow the direction of
The bounce pass
This pass is useful when you are being tightly marked or when you are dribbling with the ball
because you will already have forward momentum with which to power the pass.
To perform a bounce pass, firstly draw the defender to one side of you by faking a move, then
pass the ball under their outstretched arms. Keep your centre of gravity low in order to complete
this move successfully. To keep the ball down, push it with your fingers in the direction of your
teammate. Always check your angles when making a bounce pass: ensure the ball hits the ground
two-thirds of the distance towards your teammate.
Why make a pass?
Sometimes it can be all too tempting to go for glory on the basketball court, even if you're not in
a great position. However, passing travels much faster than dribbling (and also imposes stricter
control on the ball), so if you see a teammate ahead of you in an open position, pass the ball to
them. This is much more likely to result in success. Passing is also a necessary skill to use when
being heavily defended in an attacking area, even if you think you are in a good position.
Purpose of dribbling
The dribble is part of the basketball 'triple threat' offensive move. It has many uses on court,
including creating an attack, charging forward to the hoop, beating your marker, escaping from a
tight defensive corner, creating a successful shooting position and changing shooting or passing
In general, the dribble should be used to help you get from A to B quickly and efficiently. This is
not to say that dribbling should be used in every situation. There is nothing more frustrating in a
game situation than watching a player hog the ball whilst dribbling the length of the court,
seemingly oblivious to other teammates in good passing positions