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ENGB03H3 Lecture Notes - Politically Correct Bedtime Stories, James Finn Garner, Gabriel García Márquez

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Sonja Nikkila

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ENGB03 Week 1 September 14, 2011
How we tell stories
1. Trailers tells different genres
2. Pictures what is happening? How do it happen?
3. News and politics events
4. Gossip in magazines, celebrities; people living very personal lives but
we get them through packaged stories and gossip; we mold their activities
into a story
5. Science shaping of facts; ie. Human evolution
6. Games you have to do a set of things to get to the end
7. Psychology Freud; stories are constructed in relation to whom and to
what end; story doesn‟t have to be true, edit out parts of your life
8. Faces we read their emotions; wonder why is that person feeling that
way? What might happen next?
9. Internet History Search “Search on” youtube video
Why we tell stories
- we have no choice;
- narrative is the primary tool to tell stories
- “I climbed a tree” is a story; has a character, event, action
- a narrative that has tension, conflict, character, resolution
How we read stories
- we don‟t even know that we‟re doing it
- a lot of things influence the way we read narratives
How we should read stories
- enjoy it
- focus on it; not just the story but how it was told
- engage with it; think about how you are reacting to the text
- re-read texts
- interact with the text; write in your book
Victorian novel
Published in parts; not meant to be read all-together
Slow narrative forces you to take time to understand it; allows time for
you to change your mind and your opinion

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Question of “epic” – is any given life epic? Is it possible to write a great story
about little people?
Tips on reading Middlemarch:
Read 1 book a week
Take notes in the book; ask questions in the text

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ENGB03 Week2: AUTHORITY September 21, 2011 - dictionary
Elements of control in narrative:
- form, genre, expectation
- plot: gravity and momentum
- narrator
- paratexts texts that are related to but are not part of the main text
(cover of the book, author‟s name, description of the book, trailer, interview
with author, footnotes)
- reader: interpreting, overreading, underreading
- author
- write of a book, article, report
- someone who writes books as a profession
- the writings of such a person
- originator or creator of something
“author is thought to nourish the book, which is to say that he exists before
it, thinks, suffers, lives for, is in the same relation of antecedence to his
work as father to his child
“to give a text an author is to impose a limit on that text, to furnish it with a
final signified, to close the writing”
he birth of the reader must be at the cost of the death of the author”
On Authority: author, text, reader… WORLD/CONTEXT
Text Reader
Margaret Atwood: by the time the reader is reading, the writer isn‟t there,
only the book is there
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