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Lecture 1

ENGB03H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Intertextuality, Calque

Course Code
Sonja Nikkila

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Week 1: January 8 Whats a Narrative? Reading & Close reading
Texts: Middlemarch (Chp 1) George Eliot
Book 1: Miss Brooke
Miss Brooke aka Dorothea
Mr. Brooke (uncle)
Sir James Chettam
Edward Casaubon
-Dorothea is the oldest sister she is handsome, clever and religious
-She does not dress appropriately for her status
oThere is a reason that her appearance is mentioned
-She and her sister are orphans and live with her bachelor uncle at Tipton Grange
o1st orphan
-Celia the younger sister has more common sense
-Dorothea wants to improve the living circumstances of the tenants living on her uncles land
-Dorothea doubted she was attractive to men and felt her sister Celia was superior to her in that way
oSuggesting that they are very different not only in appearance but also in thinking
-Foreshadowing of the type of man Dorothea is interested in: “The really delightful marriage must be that
where your husband was a sort of father, and could teach you even Hebrew, if you wished it.” (page 7)
oShe falls in love with Casaubon because he will teach her
-The sisters divide their mothers jewelry and Dorothea takes the emerald ring and matching necklace
-Dorothea is upset when Celia asks if she will wear the jewelry in company because she is prideful
oPride is another reoccurring theme
-Sir James Chettam and Edward Casaubon dine at the grange that night
-Casaubon is a scholar and knows a lot about religious history
Week 2: January 15 Whose Story Is It? Origin & Authority
-In lecture there is picture of man reading a newspaper while penguins fly by
-however penguins do not fly (narrative gap)
owhat your seeing in the text does not add up
ohow do you resole/interpret that (form and genre)
genre: comedy, fantasy, science fiction
owhat is the story that explains that gap
oconstituent and supplementary elements
ocrucial vs. not worth mentioning
-other important aspects of a story
otime and space
Intertextuality is the shaping of a text's meaning by another text. include: allusion,
quotation, calque, plagiarism, translation, pastiche and parody.
BBC adaptation (movie)
-she drawing designs for new cottages

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omake the farmers lives better
-Dorothea likes to be noble, renouncing things to make other peoples lives better
-you start to see tension btw romantic soul for beautiful things and not divulging in material things
-marriage is usually told at the end of the story we are starting at a new place
-chapter 1 epigram: no because a woman
oAn epigram is a brief, interesting, memorable, and sometimes surprising or satirical statement.
-Mr. Brooke reiterates the authority of the male
-Sir James also emphasizes that men should have control over things: Mr Brooke should intervene in the
-Casaubon “ardent submissive affection” he wants to be the authority
-“some deficiency in Dorothea to account for the moderation of his abandonment”
-he does not love her enough because she is missing something
-Elements of control in narrative:
-author: the writer
othe writer transcribes ideas whereas the author is the owner of the ideas
-as a profession
-the writing of (attaching authors to their books)
-originator or creator
-Origin: basing her idea of Casaubon on word of mouth
oWe have stories of great thinkers, just ideas and she is attaching them to this current text: Casaubon
On authority
-Barthes (death of the author)
-there is not one meaning, the text is a tissue of quotations drawn from innumerable centers of culture
-give a text an author is to impose a limit on that text to furnish it with a final signified, to close the writing
-authority: the power to enforce obedience
-commanding manner
-an expert
meet the (con)texts NOT the author
- author vs. text vs. reader  world and context
Texts: Cinderella + Middlemarch (Chp 2-8)
Starts off like the traditional fairy tale with girl slave because of evil step mom/daughters
Father fails to see how much she loves him (as much as salt) banishes/kills her
Father tries to marry her in place of her dead mother
asks for 3 nice dresses (moon, sun, sky) and an ugly
she runs away disguised in ugly dress
she still suffers by having to do very difficult tasks but nature helps her
than she goes to ball, leaves at midnight, prince finds shoes, deterred by wicker sisters, find
her and gets married
yu yang tsa tsu: sheh hsien
chief of mountain cave named wu
he married two wives, 1 dies left him with daughter sheh hsein
father died and now is mistreated by step mother

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she had to do difficult tasks but one day she catches a big fish
it continues to grow and she puts it in the pond behind her house
whenever she would go to the pond the fish would show its head
the mother tricked the daughter by asking her to wash her clothes
she put the clothes on and went to the pond and the fish showed his head and she
killed it and ate it
concealed bones under dung hill
she found out and wept and this man came and told her where the bones were and to
retrieve them and hide them in her room and make a wish
she did and got gold, pearls, dresses, food
daughter goes to cave festival dressed nicely with gold shoes, stepmother/daughter
notices her and she runs home but drops her shoe
cave people sold the shoe to the kingdom named To huan
the king searched everywhere for the owner of the shoe and the same pattern was
found at sheh hseins house
she put the shoes on with her bluish finery and he married her and brought her to the
kingdom, and brought fish bones
stepmother and daughter were killed with flying stones (buried them in stone pit and
names it the tomb of regretful women)
thought they were goddesses of match makers so prayed to them about anything
concerning marriage
the king asked for many things from the fish bones (greedy)
ceased to answer to prayers she he buried it/gold parapet by the sea
the soldiers rebelled so he went to get them to give them to the soldiers they had been
washed away
oNative Canadian
Indian warrior did a lot of good things for Glooskap’s and could go invisible
He said that he would marry any maiden that could see him as he came home at night
Three daughters one is much younger and very beautiful, the two other sisters are jealous and
are very mean to her
The gentle daughter goes to see if she can see the warrior
the warriors sister washed off her burnt skin and her hairs grows back and he makes her his
he punished the sisters for their cruelty by turning them into aspen trees
-(Chp 2)
-Dorothea compares the two men who have come for dinner, you can see she favors Casaubon: “he has the
spare form and the pale complexion which became a student; as different as possible from the blooming
Englishman of the red-whiskered type represented by sir James Chettam
-Mr. Casaubon likes Dorothea for calling her uncle out for spending his money on entertainment rather than
socially responsible projects
-Dorothea thinks that Casaubon is the most interesting man she has ever met
-Sir James suggests his interest in Dorotha again (improving condition for his tenants)
-(Chp 3)
-"He thinks with me," said Dorothea to herself, "or rather, he thinks a whole world of which my thought is
but a poor twopenny mirror. And his feelings too, his whole experience—what a lake compared with my
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