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Lec 2 September 12, 2012.docx

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Laura Jane Wey

ENGB40H3 September 12, 2012 Macpherson: “In the Beginning” Genealogy: From Chaos to Zeus Chas (Dark and formless void) Gaia+Uranus | | Night and Erebus (the depth) 3 hundred-handed and 3 Cyclopes and 12 titans | Eros (Did not create Gaia) Cronus (youngest Titan) + Rhea | | Gaia (Earth) Hestia (v), Poseidon, Demeter, Hades, Hera and Zeus | Uranus (Sky/heavens) Participants of the War between the Titans and the Olympian Gods  The Gods  The Titans  Gaia (“Let him who would conquer in the war first set free those who imprisoned in Tartarus”)  The Cyclopes  The Hundred-Handed Geographic layout of the Universe according to Greek Mythology  Air and Sky (rules by Zeus)  Mt. Olympus (co-rules by Zeus, Poseidon , and Hades) note: only includes dry land  Sea (ruled by Poseidon) note: does not include “stream that girdles the earth,” which is rules by Oceanus – rules the Atlantic ocean  Realms under the Earth (ruled by Hades) Geneology: the younger Olympian Gods  Zeus mated with: [Metis] Demeter Hera Leto Maia [Semele]  Zeus’ children: Athena (v) Persephone Ares Apollo; Artemis (v) Hermes ENGB40H3 September 12, 2012 Dionysus  Origins of other major Gods: o Aphrodite (Sea foam; Zeus= Dione; Zeus=Thalassa o Hephaestus (Zeus=Hera; Hera alone) o Pan (Zeus, Hermes or Dionysus= a nymph; Cronus) o Eros (Chaos; Venus=Mars) (v) = virgins; no relations with men=no children Major Deities & their Spheres of Influence I  Zeus/ Jupiter: God of law and order; protector of travelers and guests  Hera/ Juno: Goddess of marriage and women  Poseidon/ Neptune: God of the sea and earthquakes  Demeter/ Ceres: Goddess of agriculture. The harvest and the seasons  Hades/ Pluto: God of the Underworld  Hestia/ Vesta: Goddess of the hearth  Ares/ Mars: God of War  Athena/ Minerva: Warrior Goddess; goddess of wisdom and strategy, crafts and skill  Apollo/Apollo: God of light, prophecy, music, poetry, arts,
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