Class Notes (809,125)
Canada (493,536)
English (1,482)
ENGC44H3 (35)
Sarah (15)

Women of Troy.docx

7 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough

1 Professor Kleeb Chris Jackman, TUT 0005 April 3rd 2013 Women of Troy: Euripides’s message towards the significance of Trojan War. ‘Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes.’ (Laocoon the oracle.) ‘Beware of Greeks bearing gifts.’ This important quote by the oracle summarizes the dangers and outcome of the Trojan War. The twelve-year war and siege the Greeks held onto the Trojans ended when the Greek deceived the Trojans by ceasing fire with the gift of a large man-built wooden horse in honor of Trojan’s victory of the Greek. The Trojan fell into the trickery and allowed the gigantic wooden horse to ender the walls of Trojan and into the heart of the city. At night, when the Trojans finished celebrated and all was quite, hidden Greek men in the wooden horse came out and slaughtered the city. They opened the gates of Trojan and allowed the remaining Greek into the city to loot and destroy the city. The men and children were slaughtered, and women were taken from their homes and shipped away from Troy. The kingdom fell into ruins and the remaining survivals of the Trojans only wept for the deceased and moan to the Gods. The temple of Athena was burnt and this angered the gods. The goddess Athena vowed for revenge and seeks help from Poseidon to intercept the Greek’s voyage back to Greece. She planned to burn the ships with Zeus’s mighty thunderbolts and have the men drown in sea by Poseidon’s vicious storms. As Poseidon quotes: ‘The mortal who sacks a city and then destroys its temples and its graves, the sacred homes of the dead, is a fool because his own destruction will 2 certainly follow.’ (Women of Troy play.) It foreshadows the dangers the Greek will eventually discover as their punishment of destroying the temple of Athena in Troy. In the Women of Troy the play follows after the defeat of Troy. It views the horror and ruins of Troy and the treatment of the survivals. The men have been slaughtered and the remaining women tremble in fear of the Greek men. The first mortal viewed in the play is a distraught Hecuba (Hekabe) (Queen of Troy) lying onto the dusty floor and grieving over the loss of Troy and her sons and husband. She describes the state Troy is under and her unstable daughter. The scene, which gathers all the Trojan women together, gives an uncomfortable edge because there is no presence of men. This leaves a message to the audience that all the men have been killed and that only women and children remain in the city. The women revealed great emotions to the loss of Troy in tears and moans, and expressed anger towards the Greek and Helen (Menelaos’s wife) with hisses and growls. The Greek man in charge of the group of Trojan women was Menelaos (Helen’s husband) who was ordered to gather and assign the women to Greek where the women would be appointed to a master and is a Greek slave. The emotions of the actors in Women of Troy revealed immense emotions and the values the Trojan women had. In the middle of the play, Andromache (Hektor’s wife) entered holding Astyanax (Young son of Hektor and Andromache). She was a protective and loyal wife who still loved her man. The emotion she had was saddening. She had tears in her eyes and stared off towards the light as if daydreaming when she was talking about her husband Hektor. She was mesmerized by the memories she once had of her perfect husband and her profound love she had. Other great emotions that are acted out in the play include the chorus (group of captive Trojan women). They express their hatred and 3 sadness together, which demonstrates the unity the women had as well as the patriotism towards their homeland Troy. They sang songs of cries to their dead Trojan soldiers and expressed hatred towards the Greek and the traitor Helen. Helen (Menelaos’ wife) is notorious seen as the cause of the Trojan War. She was Menelaos’ wife and known to be the most beautiful woman in existence. Aphrodite who told Paris of Helen described her beauty. In lust and love, Paris went to Greece and ran away back to Troy with Helen. Out of anger, Menelaos ordered Greek men to invade Troy to return Helen back to Greek. This began the invasion of Greece into Troy as Paris fought for his love Helen and refused to forfeit Helen to the Menelaos. When Helen enters the play, she is well dressed and beautiful compared to the other captive Trojan women in dark rags. She quickly betrayed her love for Paris as she begged for forgiveness to Menelaos and accused Paris of kidnapping her. The Trojan women growled and called her a traitor and a liar in the background as she continues her plea. The significance of Helen to the play symbolizes trickery and deceit. Helen blamed Paris and the Gods for forcing her to leave Greece and tried to deceive Menelaos that she was innocent. However, Hecuba was in the scene and through her persuasive words allowed Menelaos to see Helen’s false accusations. Soon Menelaos ordered for Helen’s execution when they return to Greece. One important analysis of Women of Troy is the costume of the play. The captive Trojan women were dressed in all black and dark clothing, which was wrapped around their body. The only skin shows is the faces and their heads were wrapped as well. In contemporary era, Muslim women are seen similar to the clothing of the actors. The Greek soldiers were in military costume. The costume with Muslim women and military 4 costume relates to the Iraq-American war. The UTSC production of the play merges the different eras together: the Euripides’ era and the contemporary era. It can be interpreted that the Greece are the American soldiers because they are in military uniform and armed with guns which shows authority compared to the dressed Trojan women who are dressed in black in order to hide their identity. The costume is an important role in the play because it was used to relate how Women of Troy relates to our recent news of the Iraq- American war. The message held in the play is interpreted as how stories and tales can be repeated in contemporary tim
More Less

Related notes for ENGC44H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.