Class Notes (837,183)
Canada (510,153)
Geography (717)
GGRC44H3 (12)
Lecture 7

Lecture 7

7 Pages
Unlock Document

Mark Juhasz

← Case Study: The European Union ← • Scale Considerations on a Geographically Diverse Continent o mountains, population, etc. ← • Considerations in a cultural Strong (Nationalistically) defined continent o ethnic food traditions ← ← 20 century legacies ← intensification of agriculture matched with artisan traditions • increase in production but still consider traditional foods ← ← WWII • Advances in technology (agrichemicals) o Nuclear power, chemicals used for war transferred to agricultural sector after • Advances in administration ← ← Post-WWII • Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) at the European wide level • Europe had been devastated by a war, food insecurity was high • Emphasis on protecting famers for food supply with extensive subsidies o Keynesian economics, protectionism • Efficiencies in production, and cultural influence of Europe, led to export markets o Food production surplus o Opening free trade • On a global level, farmers complain about EU subsidy system ← ← More recent issues: • CAP shifting from commodity subsidies to multi-functionality; supporting farmers who do ecosystem services, restoration on land o Supporting farmer for food, land, environmental protection o Multi-functionality- rural heritage, food production, ecosystem support (water, air etc.) • Production of Designation of Origin (PDO) o Protecting regional uniqueness of foods in a homogenizing world of limitations  Cheese, wine, cured meats, food traditions, spirits o Each cultural specific food is from a specific region/country and should be protected, not called the same thing when outside of that country  Cannot produce as cheaply as other parts of the world that is outside of its original location of production  Ex. Champagne should be called something else outside of France • Slow food movement o Quality over quantity o Uniqueness and artisanship rather than mass production • Rural Labor Costs (national wages vs. migrant workers) o Reactionary politics? o Mexican/African workers=cheaper labor ← ← Case Study: North America • Scale of production o Large scale, high intensity • European dominance on North America, especially Anglo- American o European influence • Agricultural Science: The designs of the Green Revolution o Norman Borlaug  Father of the green revolution  Travelled the world to talk about solving agricultural issues  Research on high intensive production  Set up research centers around to world to focus on specific key commodity (ex. Singapore-rice) • Primary Commodities: corn, wheat, beef, dairy, soy (more recently) • Mechanization, technologies of scale o Smaller % involved in farmer o Technology allowed higher production with less farmers • Ecological concerns grow in the 60’s and 70’s from chemicals o DDT-pesticide used in agricultural sector o Rachel Carson’s “Silent Spring” o Agricultural movement • 1960s counter-culture o hippies, organic movement ← ← More recent issues • GMOs (genetically modified organisms) • CAFOs (concentrated animal feeding operations) o Model of agricultures • Alternatives: Organic, Local-CSAs (community supported agriculture) • USDA (United States Department of Agriculture)-farm bill>towards EG&S (Ecological goods and services) • Ethanol vs. Feedstock o Ethanol-major source of concern
More Less

Related notes for GGRC44H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.