Lecture 2 Notes

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Published on 20 Jun 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Geography
Course
GGRB28H3
GGRB28
Lecture 2
Illness vs. Disease
Illness = subjective experience, disease = diagnosed by medical professional
Epidemiology
Study of disease in populations (humans and animals)
Mortality vs. Morbidity
Mortality – final, morbidity - frequency
Incidence vs. Prevalence
Incidencenew cases, prevalence – how much is currently active
Chronic vs. Acute
Chronic – over a long period of time, acute – over a short period of time
Some diseases can be both
Impairment vs. Disability
Impairmentlimitation to function (personal property), disability – not being able to function in
normal society (social property)
Primary Care
Seeing family physician (health prevention occurs here, i.e. you need to lose weight, you need to
eat healthier), gateway to primary health care is through family physician
Secondary Care
More specialized level, i.e. hospital
Tertiary Care
Even more specialized, i.e. cancer care hospitalwhere everyone is trained to deal with cancer
patients
Complementary vs. Traditional
Complementary – other medicine (holistic, Chinese medicine, acupuncture)
Traditionalwestern medicine (needles, pills, etc.)
Location vs. Place
Location – x,y coordinate, placelocation becomes a place when you attach a meaning to it
Therapeutic Landscapes(box 1.2) how when a meaning is attached to a particular place, it can
have healing properties
Health Geography
Objective: to examine 5 specific approaches employed by health geographers when assessing a geography
of health situation:
Positivist, social interactionist, structuralist, structurationist, post-structuralist
Asthma in New York
1 in 6 kids in new york is affected by asthma
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Document Summary

Illness = subjective experience, disease = diagnosed by medical professional. Study of disease in populations (humans and animals) Incidence new cases, prevalence how much is currently active.  chronic over a long period of time, acute over a short period of time. Impairment limitation to function (personal property), disability not being able to function in normal society (social property) Seeing family physician (health prevention occurs here, i. e. you need to lose weight, you need to eat healthier), gateway to primary health care is through family physician. Even more specialized, i. e. cancer care hospital where everyone is trained to deal with cancer patients.  complementary other medicine (holistic, chinese medicine, acupuncture) Location x,y coordinate, place location becomes a place when you attach a meaning to it. Therapeutic landscapes (box 1. 2) how when a meaning is attached to a particular place, it can have healing properties.