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HISA04H3 Lecture Notes - Safavid Dynasty, Divine Right Of Kings

Course Code
William Nelson

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HISA01 Sept. 24
Creating a system of trade meant that economics of individual countries were affected.
Centralization (the act of consolidating power under a central control), prosperity
Paying taxes with actual pieces of money
Creation of large institutions i.e. police
Territory and population grew
o So did need to project power. This lead to the need for rulers to show why
their rule is legitimate.
Divine Rule (established as ruler by God or is a god themself), was
useful in cases where rulers had expanded territory with new
people who may not respect/follow them as a ruler.
Emperor Jahangir
Leader of the Mughal Empire (lived 1569 1627) (reigned 1605 1627)
His empire had many different cultures and people under one rule.
Empire became known for tolerance; there was a representation of all of the
different cultures.
‘Jahangir’s Dream’
Lion and lamb: predator and prey
Standing on continents of world
Embrace between Mughal (right) and Safavid (left) leaders
Painting was supposed to represent the peace between the
Safavids and Mughals.
Showed many effects of trade, integrating aspects from
other cultures:
o Jahangir‟s head is at the center of a halo, a Persian
artistic design.
o Christian symbols of the lion and lamb.
o Emeralds in Jahangir‟s necklace would have
originated from America (brought by European
o Painting is actually a miniature, a Persian style of
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