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3 Nov 2010
- definition or essay question on Marxism
- class conflict between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat
- leads to communism
- eventual revolution
- socialism is equalization stage after feudalism & capitalism Æ leading to communism
* end of exploitation (oppression)
- capitalism must happen as wealth must be present
- revolution has to happen to overthrow bourgeois
- industrialization
Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP)
- Russian Marxist party
- believed that revolution must happen to transform society
Æ leader between 1880-1890s Plekhanov
- formulated platform based on interpretation of economic history in Communist Manifesto
- guided on policy of "let's wait and see" - cannot push revolution though conditions in
Russian society were harsh
- cannot just have a revolution as Russia was not capitalist
1. to generate wealth in Russia
2. aggravate the problems of poverty
-- Social Democrats (split in 1903)
- tsar crushing down on the RSDLP - brutally and disbanded/jailed parties/leaders
- leaders self exile - fled to Paris
- met (second time) in Brussels to decide if Plekhanov's strategy was strong enough or if to
change the strategy
Æ Bolshevik (the majority) Æ Menshevik (the minority)
- decided to change the course of Marxism - revolution later
- after death, vision of Marxism becomes Leninism - follows the course of Marxism
Marxism - conditions of industrial economy - Russia is least industrial (first
Æ reinterpreted for Russian conditions industrialized countries would revolt)
Leninism - capitalism has to generate much
- Russia was ripe for revolution wealth for difference to minimize
- seemingly at the end of the ladder, but look at the
picture upside down - least industrial = weakest link
in European society
- vanguard of elites - not mass based (professionals)
- hold dictatorship until rest of Europe revolts
(Germany and Britain help Russia)
- plan that from 1903 onward, nations moving to war
(growing tensions) Æ people of nation will overthrow
- socialists do not support war effort, does not
collaborate with anyone to stabilize/form R gov't
- the more problems there are the better for Lenin
- Lenin is the only person in Europe not supporting
his country as a patriot in war (class > nationality)
Thematic Problems: Russian Monarchy
- natural problems
- revolutions occur because certain things are inevident
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