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Lecture

HISB31H3 Lecture Notes - Cotton Gin, W. E. B. Du Bois, Industrial Revolution


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Neville Panthaki

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JAN 19
American Civil War (1861-65):
It resulted in ¼ death
Industrial revolution led to economic expansion, leading to need for labour and resulting in
westward expansion and slavery
1776 to 1861
4 million pop to 31 million
13 states to 33 states
Slavery:
In NA, slavery began in 1619
By 1776, 1/6 of Americans were slaves
The civil war was fought for the economic context of what slavery represented
The northern states controlled the movement of labour (controlled and distributed to the
south)
1808, slavery was abolished in north but it wasn’t affected because they were quite
industrialized
Although they controlled the trade, they controlled it in terms of profit
Slaves were used in the south
In Virgina, tobacco
South Carolina, cotton and rice
Sugar was all throughout the south
Cotton (cotton gin 1790’s)
1861, supply of 90% of European cotton came from 50% of US exports
When it was abolished, the south lagged behind
The import of slavery was banned, but they were still used
Mid 1860’s, lots of slaves fled to the north
Fugitives that fled would be given back to the south (first compromise between north and
south)
95% of blacks in the south represented 1/3 of southern population
5% blacks in the north was only 1% of total population
The north could afford to be without slaves but the south couldn’t
Abolition had many definitions depending on who you asked
To some it meant immediate, others thought it was a gradual process, some thought it was
freedom with property (propertied) or freedom without property, segregation (blacks lived
separately from whites) and voting
How is slavery related to the civil war?
This had to do with state rights vs. federal rights
Expansion was to escape government authority
As population increases in the west, government follows
The fed government said that when it caught up with the settlers, they said that they had to
follow their rules (no slavery)
As the economy grew, slave labour grew too, simultaneously
What are the consequences of abolition?
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