Class Notes (905,915)
CA (538,528)
UTSC (32,637)
History (740)
HISB93H3 (57)
Lecture

HISB93H3 Professor Dowler Fall 2009 Lecture Note

3 Pages
66 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HISB93H3
Professor
Wayne Dowler

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Oct 15
x Moscow began as a small circle and by 1462, it expanded
x 1533, Moscow absorbs various states around it
x It was in competition with Lithuania
x Pskov and Chernigov were fought over and eventually Moscow won them
x Golden Horde broke into Kazan Horde (Vulga River), Astrakhan Khanate and Crimean
Khanate
x Nogai Horde was for politics
x Moscow is well located with Vulga, Dnieper around it
x A civil war began in 14th century that continued for 100 years. It was a struggle for Vladimir
between Moscow and Tver
x It prevented people from concentration in removing the Mongols
x 1450, the Moscow branch had established itself as the leading family
x /DUJHSDUWVRIZKDWZDV.LHYLVVWLOORXWVLGHRI0RVFRZ¶VFRQWURO
x Some of them were independedent city states and some were under Lithuanian control
x Enormous expansion under Ivan III control (he deserves the title the Great)
x He was a clear sighted ruler, very effective at getting what he wanted, he had personality
(different from the other monarchs who were all similar)
x Ivan was good at using diplomacy and he used force too
x +HGLGQ¶WKDYHPXFKRIDSHUVRQDOOLIHDVKHZDVYHU\GHYRWHGWRKLVZRUN
x He looked like a prince, tall, stern face that made a powerful impression
x His son was Vasilii III and he was tough and capable leader
x In the reign of Ivan III, northwest Russia obtained complete independence from Mongols,
1480
x In that year, one of the leaders of the Horde, Akhmed, tried to bring Moscow under Mongol
control
x He demanded that Moscow pay tribute to Mongols and Ivan marched his army to meet him
x The Khan withdrew and that was the end of the confrontation between Mongols and
Muscovites
x The balance of power in the region (included Muscovy, Lithuania and the Horde), Golden
Horde no longer in power
x The only powers left are Moscow and Lithuania
x Moscow won power by default. Lithuania was very weak in this struggle because firstly, they
were very distracted in finding independence from Poland and the Catholic Church put
pressure to Catholicize Lithuania. Secondly, the lands that were in dispute were Slavic
speaking state and Orthodox.
x Lithuania had to make many compromises and the Polish and Catholic influence grew
x As a result, Russia princes began to think twice about Lithuania (thought that Moscow was
better than Lithuania)
x As a result, many princes left Lithuania federation and joined the princes of Moscow
x Moscow acquired many lands voluntarily
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Oct 15 x Moscow began as a small circle and by 1462, it expanded x 1533, Moscow absorbs various states around it x It was in competition with Lithuania x Pskov and Chernigov were fought over and eventually Moscow won them x Golden Horde broke into Kazan Horde (Vulga River), Astrakhan Khanate and Crimean Khanate x Nogai Horde was for politics x Moscow is well located with Vulga, Dnieper around it x A civil war began in 14th century that continued for 100 years. It was a struggle for Vladimir between Moscow and Tver x It prevented people from concentration in removing the Mongols x 1450, the Moscow branch had established itself as the leading family x /DUJHSDUWVRIZKDWZDV.LHYLVVWLOORXWVLGHRI0RVFRZ¶VFRQWURO x Some of them were independedent city states and some were under Lithuanian control x Enormous expansion under Ivan III control (he deserves the title the Great) x He was a clear sighted ruler, very effective at getting what he wanted, he had personality (different from the other monarchs who were all similar) x Ivan was good at using diplomacy and he used force too x +HGLGQ¶WKDYHPXFKRIDSHUVRQDOOLIHDVKHZDVYHU\GHYRWHGWRKLVZRUN x He looked like a prince, tall, stern face that made a powerful impression x His son was Vasilii III and he was tough and capable leader x In the reign of Ivan III, northwest Russia obtained complete independence from Mongols, 1480 x In that year, one of the leaders of the Horde, Akhmed, tried to bring Moscow under Mongol control x He demanded that Moscow pay tribute to Mongols and Ivan marched his army to meet him x The Khan withdrew and that was the end of the confrontation between Mongols and Muscovites x The balance of power in the region (included Muscovy, Lithuania and the Horde), Golden Horde no longer in power x The only powers left are Moscow and Lithuania x Moscow won power by default. Lithuania was very weak in this struggle because firstly, they were very distracted in finding independence from Poland and the Catholic Church put pressure to Catholicize Lithuania. Secondly, the lands that were in dispute were Slavic speaking state and Orthodox. x Lithuania had to make many compromises and the Polish and Catholic influence grew x As a result, Russia princes began to think twice about Lithuania (thought that Moscow was better than Lithuania) x As a result, many princes left Lithuania federation and joined the princes of Moscow x Moscow acquired many lands voluntarily www.notesolution.com x 1478, Ivan III annexed Novgorod (a vast territory up north that was rich in furs) and it was the standard bearer of Republicanism but after it was captured, that administration is taken away x 1485, Moscow annexes Tver x 1500, Moscow defeat Lithuanians, a peace treaty is signed and 1503, Lithuania gives up some territory to Moscow x Lithuania manages to hold on to Kiev x 1517, Riazan is annexed into Moscow territory x 0RVFRZLVUDSLGO\H[SDQGLQJLW¶VWHUULWRU\DQGLW¶VDXWKRULW\RYHUWKHSULQFHV x ,I\RXDQQH[DSULQFH¶VWHUULWRU\WKDWSULQFHLVQRORQJHUWKHSULQFHRIWKDWWHUULWRU\ x The princes entered the service of the prince of Moscow x The number of serving princes rapidly increased as more and more land is taken over x These princes were part of the family so they enjoyed a great deal of prestige x They were competitive for position and as a result, this struggle did not allow them to bring to a united front as an opposition to the prince of Moscow x Like the princes, the next in social hierarchy was the boyars x A Moscow boyar is more important than a Riazan boyar, the closer you are to Moscow the more important you are x Boyars owned hereditary estates and they have their own administrative power over their states x The most powerful of these boyar families attained office in the Boyar Duma, and they have the right to give advice to the Moscow prince x The boyars do not live in their states so they do not see themselves as rivals with the prince but rather they see themselves as partners so this keeps them divided x This complex structure of precedence was formalized under the Mestnichestvo system x According to this system, no one was required to hold a state office or a position at court under the authority of someone who was lower in the social ladder than you (elaborate tables kept and there were endless lawsuits) x It was a disadvantage to the Russian Nobility, it did not allow them to unite and kept them divided x The Boyar Duma never sought legal guarantees of their power, they did not legalize it x If the prince wanted to get rid of the Boyar Duma, he can do it (Peter the Great did that) x Power depended on personal power x The Dvoriane had pomestie states, which were given as salary for their service in the army x The Church was a great power in the land, but it was also attaining greater independence and it had standing in the world of Orthodoxy outside of Russia x This is due to the events that was happening outside of Russia x There was a split between he Roman and Greek Church x 1438, there began a conference in Ferrara, Italy to bring the unity of the Roman and Greek Churches x The Greek Church accepted filioque for a brief power (one of the causes of the division), whether the holy power descended from father or father and son x The Russians sent Isidor, the Metropolitan as a representative and he accepted the clause x The Russian hierarchs refused his recommendation and they arrested him and removed him as metropolitan www.notesolution.com x The Russia bishops elected their Metropolitan rather than accept the nomination from Constantnople x As a result, the Russian Church becomes autocephalous (self administrating) x The Church goes through turmoil but it settles its issues by becoming the Russian Church x Russia had nRUHIRUPDWLRQWKRXJKWKDW¶VLQDFFXUDWHLWZDVIDLQWDQGVXEWOH x The heresy of the Judaisers: o 7KH\ILUVWDSSHDUHGLQ¶VLQ1RYJRURGDQGWKHLULQIOXHQFHZHQWWR0RVFRZ o They accepted Christ as a prophet o They appealed to Russian monarchs that they were against church wealth o Vasilii III accepted them o As it spread, the monarchs worried about it o 1504, some Judaizers were arrested and several were burned at the stake x 5XVVLDGLGQ¶WUHDOO\KDYHD5HQDLVVDQFHDQGUHIRUPDWLRQVEXWLWKDGHFKRVRILW x Another controversy was the struggle between possessors and non-possessors x That was settled and the possessors won x This compromise left the boyars as the losers because the monarchy needed more and more land to give to pomestie estates x This was one sign that the boyars were losing power x Most boyars were responsible for the administration, they supplied justice x 1497, the Russians passed the Lawcode Sudebnik x It was an attempt to bring together the laws x 2QHRIWKHODZVUHTXLUHGWKDWLQHYHU \ER\DU¶VFRXUWDVWDWHDSSRLQWee had to be present x He should have equal power as the representative of the boyars x While there were several princes in the territory, a boyar who decided to serve another state was allowed to keep his original land (he could change service from one prince to another) x However, when there were anymore princes left, Moscow said that boyar land would be taken away if he changed his service x Muscovite absolutism is solid, has support from Church and it had positioned itself so it is impossible for opposition to attack x Westerners notice how powerful Moscow princes have become www.notesolution.comOct 15 N Moscow began as a small circle and by 1462, it expanded N 1533, Moscow absorbs various states around it N It was in competition with Lithuania N Pskov and Chernigov were fought over and eventually Moscow won them N Golden Horde broke into Kazan Horde (Vulga River), Astrakhan Khanate and Crimean Khanate N Nogai Horde was for politics N Moscow is well locatedthith Vulga, Dnieper around it N A civil war began in 14 century that continued for 100 years. It was a struggle for Vladimir between Moscow and Tver N It prevented people from concentration in removing the Mongols N 1450, the Moscow branch had established itself as the leading family N ,7J05,79841ZK,9Z,8.L0;L889LOO4:98L04148.4Z8.43974O N Some of them were independedent city states and some were under Lithuanian control N Enormous expansion under Ivan III control (he deserves the title the Great) N He was a clear sighted ruler, very effective at getting what he wanted, he had personality (different from the other monarchs who were all similar) N Ivan was good at using diplomacy and he used force too N +0L39K,;02:.K41,507843,OOL10,8K0Z,8;070;49094KL8Z47N N He looked like a prince, tall, stern face that made a powerful impression N
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit