Week 1, Lecture 1 HISA04 Themes in World History I Wed 12 Sept 2012
- Armada voyage sailed to South Asia and parts of Africa by Zheng He of China (1405 –
1433) Zheng He’s Grand Armada
- Carried food, calvary etc.
- 27,000 crew members
- Voyages represented China’s prosperity and power
- Ming Dynasty after Mongol rule and drastic population losses from plague
- China was advanced in technology
- China did not drive early modern globalization
- Europeans took leading role in initiating connections during early globalization
Why did the Chinese not drive early globalization?
- Stopped exploration because of:
- Conservative Confucian faction gained influence in China.
- It was considered improper for people to leave when parents were still alive (so the
soldiers could not leave for long, provided they could even leave).
- Saw little to gain from ‘barbarian’ nations
- Most large transformations are contingent; not determined or pre-determined
- Outcomes usually contingent upon many factors
- Things could have been different
Aspects of Early Modern World
- Keep in mind how different early moder