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Lecture 3

Lecture 3- Virigina and Maryland.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough

American History Lecture Three: Virginia and Maryland, 1607-1676 Troubled Beginnings • By the end of the 1500s, England, Spain, Netherlands, Portugal, and France have all colonized in the new world, and it seems like a new beginning for the falling apart Europe. • The rivalry among the states for land and economic control fueled this conquest. Although Spain sponsored Columbus and technically got to the new world first, England would end up dominating because of this competition. In fact, the Spain and Portuguese rivalry sparked Columbus leaving. Because of this, Spain becomes the richest and most powerful nation at the end of the 1500s. • When European explorers show up, disease plagues the natives of the land because they were never introduced to things as illness as little as the common cold. 40-60 Million died from just illness alone. The Spanish also enslaved many Native Americans. This was a very traumatic experience. • There is a collision over land use (mentioned in the last lecture). Land to the Aboriginals was shared amongst everyone, and land to the Europeans was property. This made it easy for Europeans to oppress the Native Americans. The Virginia Company • Founded in 1607, it is one of the first main English colony. The south (Virigina, Maryland) becomes the slave and production region. They produced crops for an export market on scattered plantations using forced labor. This became a pattern. • Tobacco, Cotton, Indigo, etc. were all common crops on plantations. Workers started out as indentured servants, and then moved to slaves from Africa. Virginia was the start of slavery in the US. • The road to this plantation life was rough though. It barely survived the first few years
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