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HISB31H3 (96)

Lecture 5

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Neville Panthaki

American Civil War (1861 - 1865) - Industrialization (economic expansion, labour) westward expansion (railroad) slavery (expandedprofit) from 1776 (founding of United States) --- 1861 (date of civil war) 4 million --- 31 million 13 states --- 33 states Slavery - began in 1619, by 1776 - 16 of population were slaves - North controlled trade - imported and distributed them to the South [controlled in terms of profit, not product] - North abolished slave trade in 1808 -- North had little effect, as more industrialized - South was rural - South: tobacco (Virginia) rice (South Carolina) sugar cotton ( cotton gin 1790s - no conflict to stop the Industrial Revolution) - industry was there, then the governance to the state came later * by 1861, supply of 90% European cotton = 50% of US exports - North America 1619 - when abolished, South lagged behind - compromises of 1850 (fugitive slave law) between NorthSouth those who fled from the South to the North would be given back * 95% of blacks in the South = 13 of the total Southern population * 5% of blacks in the North = 1% of the total Northern population - abolition = hard to define [immediate, gradual, propertied - freedom
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