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Lecture 8

LECTURE 8 - NOV 6, 2012.doc

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Department
History
Course Code
HISB40H3
Professor
C Cole

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LECTURE 8 - NOVEMBER 6, 2012 THE CONFEDERATION ERA - PART TWO Review from last week: Major Causal Factors: - Fear of the US - Internal problems (Maritime opportunities - economic development) - Desire for expansion (the desire to grow - within the colonies) - Imperial pressures (less need for the empire to provide protection, more op- portunity to grow financially) The Charlotte Town Conference - crashed by the Canada’s - originally held by the Atlantic territories Quebec Conference - general agreement on principle - they liked the idea of a federation and the power to pass law between two different levels of government - the key difference was ‘how centralized would the government be’ or would be be a true federation, where the local cantons have a significant degree of sovereignty over their own affairs and they come to an agreement with the centralized government ie. Switzerland vs. a decentralized federation ie. the EU that has a central legislature with very sovereign states - Macdonald favoured centralism - (used the example of the US civil war) - used the time period from 1776-1789 in the US where the confedera- tion that was immaturely established and the decentralized federation began to fall apart - Maritimes and Lower Canada afraid of losing autonomy (this new union would be majority Anglo-phones and mainly in Upper and Lower Canada) - Cartier offered the compromise (to divide the powers through defined lines) - Provinces:cultural affairs - Federal: economic affairs legislative union in disguise (quote from AA. Dorion) - Dissallowance was left in the hands of federal government - constitutional powers instituted as a mechanism to delay or overrule legislation - basically made true local autonomy impossible LECTURE 8 - NOVEMBER 6, 2012 - Bicameral legislature - Lower house: representation by population - Upper house: regional - the question 1864 was “How are we going to identify who sits in what chamber?” - balanced by regions - 24 seats: Maritimes - 24 seats: Ontario - 24 seats: Quebec - Question of the appointment of Senators? - by Federal Government(which followed MacDonald’s suggestion) - problem of finance(Federal government would assume all debt of the provinces but a maximum was set) - transfer payments for compensation - Intercolonial railway - to be financed by federal government(would al- low the Maritimes to be connected to the Canadas at the expense of the federal government) MOST PROMINENT ARGUMENT THAT BROUGHT IN MOST MARITIME COLONIES - Ratification question? - By legislatures, not by voters - Resistance in Maritimes - Rep. by pop. (favoured by George Brown) - A.A. Dorion (“Legislative Union disguised under the name of a confedera- tion”) - Cartier counter Dorion’s argument as provinces has authority over Cultural matt
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