Class Notes (839,573)
Canada (511,407)
History (737)
HISB40H3 (73)
C Cole (4)
Lecture 8

LECTURE 8 - NOV 6, 2012.doc

4 Pages

Course Code
C Cole

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
LECTURE 8 - NOVEMBER 6, 2012 THE CONFEDERATION ERA - PART TWO Review from last week: Major Causal Factors: - Fear of the US - Internal problems (Maritime opportunities - economic development) - Desire for expansion (the desire to grow - within the colonies) - Imperial pressures (less need for the empire to provide protection, more op- portunity to grow financially) The Charlotte Town Conference - crashed by the Canada’s - originally held by the Atlantic territories Quebec Conference - general agreement on principle - they liked the idea of a federation and the power to pass law between two different levels of government - the key difference was ‘how centralized would the government be’ or would be be a true federation, where the local cantons have a significant degree of sovereignty over their own affairs and they come to an agreement with the centralized government ie. Switzerland vs. a decentralized federation ie. the EU that has a central legislature with very sovereign states - Macdonald favoured centralism - (used the example of the US civil war) - used the time period from 1776-1789 in the US where the confedera- tion that was immaturely established and the decentralized federation began to fall apart - Maritimes and Lower Canada afraid of losing autonomy (this new union would be majority Anglo-phones and mainly in Upper and Lower Canada) - Cartier offered the compromise (to divide the powers through defined lines) - Provinces:cultural affairs - Federal: economic affairs legislative union in disguise (quote from AA. Dorion) - Dissallowance was left in the hands of federal government - constitutional powers instituted as a mechanism to delay or overrule legislation - basically made true local autonomy impossible LECTURE 8 - NOVEMBER 6, 2012 - Bicameral legislature - Lower house: representation by population - Upper house: regional - the question 1864 was “How are we going to identify who sits in what chamber?” - balanced by regions - 24 seats: Maritimes - 24 seats: Ontario - 24 seats: Quebec - Question of the appointment of Senators? - by Federal Government(which followed MacDonald’s suggestion) - problem of finance(Federal government would assume all debt of the provinces but a maximum was set) - transfer payments for compensation - Intercolonial railway - to be financed by federal government(would al- low the Maritimes to be connected to the Canadas at the expense of the federal government) MOST PROMINENT ARGUMENT THAT BROUGHT IN MOST MARITIME COLONIES - Ratification question? - By legislatures, not by voters - Resistance in Maritimes - Rep. by pop. (favoured by George Brown) - A.A. Dorion (“Legislative Union disguised under the name of a confedera- tion”) - Cartier counter Dorion’s argument as provinces has authority over Cultural matt
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.