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Lecture 7

HLTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: The Conscious Mind, Sweetened Beverage, Childhood Obesity


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTA02H3
Professor
Michelle Silver
Lecture
7

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Foundation in health studies- HLTB03
Lecture 7-
Child health: overall child death rates have been steadily declining. But places
like in Sub-Saharan Africa it is still very high.
43% of deaths of children under five years old occurred in Africa.
Mostly from: AIDS/HIV, malaria, respiratory and bacterial infections, diarrheal and
traffic accidents.
MAIN: Pneumonia. Acute respiratory disease and childhood diarrhea.
Infant birth weight; Canada: lower than most countries. But
Due to international differences: the cut off points/ standardized criteria
are different from country to country. (LIMITATIONs of cultural differences)
Children born, even though not still born
A lot of multiple births: many women are waiting till later to have
children. Risk factor for low birth weight.
Childhood obesity in Canada: rates have tripled in the last 25 years. Approx.
26% of Canadian children ages 2-17 years old are currently overweight or obese.
1/3 of normal weight 20 year olds, will move into the overweight category; the
other 1/3 will become obese. (Both within 8 years)
Risk Factors:
High sugar and fat drinks and foods
Not physically active each day (playing video games vs. going out and
playing)
Eat to deal with stress or problems
Lack of resources or family background that favors healthy eating habits
Genetic disease or hormone disorder such as Prader-Willi syndrome or
Cushing’s syndrome.
Prevention:
5 fruits and vegetables per day
2 hours of screen time or less per day
1 hour of physical activity per day
0 sugar sweetened beverage per day
Fetal development:
6 weeks: heart
9 weeks: spine formed
10 weeks: almost all organs completely formed
15 weeks: sex of child determined: fetus can hear, fingers can grasp
20 weeks: placental fully formed
28 weeks: eyes completely formed
30 weeks: lungs are only major organ left to develop complete (in boys
there is a tendency for lungs to develop slower- problem for premature babies)
42 weeks: baby overdue
Bones in skull not hardening as much as other bones: and synapses and

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neurons are developing. Also mothers hormones and anti-bodies are being
shared
Theory in child development: Psychoanalytic, Learning, Piagets
cognitive-development and Ethological theory.
Psychoanalytic theory: Oldest and most controversial development theory.
Inner forces outside the awareness. Freudian Slip: subconsciously calling a girl by
your mother’s name.
The conscious mind: memory, things we are aware of.
The unconscious mind: feelings and thoughts outside of the
consciousness. Continues to influence our behavior, even if we are unaware.
oId: consistently there. Unconscious
oEgo: dealing with reality. Operates on the REALITY PRINCIPLE: aims to
satisfy the Ids desires in a socially acceptable way
oSuper ego: moral rules. Begins at age 5.
Eric Erikson: Psychosocial theory: emphasized family, cultural on the
development of the personality throughout the lifespan.
Stage Ages Basic
Conflict
Important
Event
1. Oral Sensory Birth to
18 months
Trust vs. Mistrust Feeding
2. Muscular- Anal18 months to
3years
Autonomy vs.
Shame/Doubt
Toilet
training
3. Locomotor 3 to 6 years Initiative vs.
Guilt
Independence
4. Latency 6 to 12 years Industry vs. Inferiority School
5. Adolescence 12 to 18 years Identity vs.
Role Confusion
Peer relationships
6. Young
Adulthood
19 to 40 years Intimacy vs.
Isolation
Love relationships
7. Middle
Adulthood
40 to 65 years Generativity vs.
Stagnation
Parenting
8. Maturity 65 to death Ego Integrity vs. Despair Reflection on and acceptance of
one's life
Critique of Psychoanalytic theory:
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