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Lecture

HLTA01H3- PLagues of Antiquity and TB


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTB21H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat

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HLTA01H3 PLAUGES&PEOPLE 9/18/2012 7:16:00 AM
Plagues Of Antiquity
- 5000 bc to 700 AD
- characterized by parasites with long lived transmission
i.e egg to larva to worm
Pharaohs Plagues
- 1900 BC
- found in the Nile Valley of Egypt Agriculture and irrigation
- snail fever/Blood Fluke disease/endemic hematuria/schistosmias
- transmission stages are miroscoptic
- enter the skin and clog\ the blood cells
- first impacted the population around the Nile valley of Egypt
- 1799-1801 europeans invade Egypt
- currently 1 million annual deaths world wide
Plagues of Athens
- planting vines and olive trees making wine and oil was very common
- building ships and trade
- by the end of the dark ages Athens and Sparta emerged
431 BC war emerged between two cities (lasted 27 years)
sparta had more numbers
Athenians were defeated (1/4 people died)
- allegedly started in euthiopa moved to Egypt ship athenns
- PLAUGE is STILL UNKNOWN
Roman Fever
- empire established in 27BC
- malaria became prevelant
the roman marshes were known for not a place to enter
- thought ofa result of ‘bad air’
- every 5-8 years have low immunity and become more susceptible to it
- reduced life expectancy
Antonine Plague
- a lot of people showed similar symptoms: high fever, inflmation
dirrega

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- identity of plague is not known, first record of small pox
- killed more than 2000 people a day
Cyparian Plauge
- 250 AD
- orginated in ethopiamoved into Egyptromannorthafrica, lasted 16
- could have been measles or small pox
Justunian Plague
- first pandemic of the Bubonic Plague
- arrived in 541 consistine
- north Africa, middle east
- one million people died in 5 years
- by 600 AD the mortality reached 100 million in western Europe
Bubonic Plague/Black Death/Plague of Florence
1st pandemic Justinian
2nd pandemic 1346-1352 Black Death
3rd pandemic 1860s in the Yunnan region of China
Impacts Of Plague
- quarantine
- built of pest houses- speacil hospitals were the inflicted were isolated
- quick burials burning clothing and belongings with hopes that the
disease wouldn’t spread (quick treatment)
- studies of human anatomy
o what is is that cuases disease?
o Theory of contagion - griolamo Fracstoro
- raising sheeps instead of crops because it was easier
- bubonic plague ruined a lot of crops
- bigger ships smaller crews
- new diversified economy
- local univirsites
curricular reform
Causes of Bubonic Plague

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- Y.PESTIES (Main Cause Of Bubonic Plague)
- plagued linked to rats (1898)
- infected rodent flea - human
bite of a flea that previously fed on an infected rodent
bacteria spreads to LYMPH NODES which SWELL (Called Bubo)
Symptoms
high fever, delirious, hemrigies , chils, general ill feeling, muscle
pain, severe headache, seizures
Bubo occurs
2-5 days after exposure of the bacteria
can turn into SEPTEMTIC PLAGUE
without the devolpment of buboes
moved its way to the blood and blood infection occurs
symptoms: blood clotting, committing, low blood pressure, orgain
failre
PNUEMONIC PLAGUE
bacteria moves through bloodstream to the lunges- rapid fatal form
of the disease
Only form with human to human transmission
Symptoms: severe cough, dificulity breathing: death occurs within
24 hours
Moratlity rate 90-95%
Black Death
- 75 million people dying from this plague (20 million died in Europe
alone)
- when the plague reached europe it struck the port cities both sea and
land
- death depends on the environment
chinese immigratin to austarlia (brought diseases with them
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