Lecture 4 notes

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Published on 9 Jul 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTB21H3
June 7, 2011
Lecture 04- Tuberculosis
Midterm Exam : July11 (5-7)
oOn Lectures 1-6
Tuberculosis is also known as White Plague
oHistory related to medical breakthrough, theatrical performance, etc.
History:
oTb present since antiquity
oEvidence of TB in Egyptian mummies (2400BC)
Showed tubercular decay
oTuberculosis had other names
Phthisis or comsumption-Homer 800BC
o460BC- Hippocrates: disease was due to evil air but did not consider it
contagious; also said that it was prevalent
oAristotle (384-322BC) suggested that TB may be due to “bad and heavy breath”
oTB documented in Egypt, India and China as earlu as 5000, 3300 and 2300
years respectively
oTypical skeletal abnormalities
Putts form of tuberculosis
oTB can be in many forms:
Putts: in skeleton
Pulmonary form of tuberculosis: Lungs
Lubris Bulgari: skin
Scoffula: Inflammation in lymph nodes
oTB limited to claims of royal supernatural powers during the Middle ages (AD
500-1500)
Claimed that they had the ability to heal tuberculosis, especially the ones
that were related to the lymph nodes)
In England known as the Kings Evil or the Royal Touching
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June 7, 2011
oLined up people that had tb and touched them or had some
sort of ceremony; healing was actually due to the fact that
TB can go into the dormant stage.
o(1546) Fracastorius describes Modern Theory of Contagion
Thought it was caused by invisible germ in lungs
o(1629)when TB was known as Consumption: leading cause of death in London
20% of all death was due to TB
o(1679) Franciscus D Sylvius discovers the lung nodules – tubercles
o(1720) Benjamin Marten speculated that TB may be communicable from one
individual to another (contagious)
o19th century- Tb spread to rest of Europe and by 1900 TB reached North
America
oTB was related to residential crowding
o(1839) termtuberculosis was first used
oMid 19th century- TB was romanticized
Disease was not feared
Was thought to be romantic, erotic, etc.
People with TB were thought to beautiful
oOpera ProductionsLa Traviata” (1936), “La Boheme” (1895)
oClassical movieCamille” (1936)- based On Alexandre Dumas’ novelthe
Woman of Camellias
o(1854) Dr. Brehmer- Doctoral Dissertation-Tuberculosis is a curable disease”
oTreatment consists of :
Lots of rest
Breathing exercises
Lots of nutrients
oMore of a chronic disease; fatality can occur but may occur after a long time
oNo facial deformities
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Document Summary

Lecture 04- tuberculosis: midterm exam : july11 (5-7, on lectures 1-6, tuberculosis is also known as white plague, history related to medical breakthrough, theatrical performance, etc, history, tb present since antiquity, evidence of tb in egyptian mummies (2400bc)  showed tubercular decay: tuberculosis had other names. Putts form of tuberculosis : tb can be in many forms:  scoffula: inflammation in lymph nodes: tb limited to claims of royal supernatural powers during the middle ages (ad.  claimed that they had the ability to heal tuberculosis, especially the ones that were related to the lymph nodes) In england known as the king"s evil or the royal touching www. notesolution. com. June 7, 2011: lined up people that had tb and touched them or had some sort of ceremony; healing was actually due to the fact that. Tb can go into the dormant stage: (1546) fracastorius describes modern theory of contagion.