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HLTC05H3 Lecture Notes - Hypoplasia, Human Brain, Visible Minority

Health Studies
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R Song

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Lecture 10: Inequality and Childhood
How inequality affects children?
Children are the most useful indicator of social inequality and disease in a society
in terms of when measuring social determinants of health
oMost sensitive to change and inequality and require protection and
nurturance from adults in their lives
oImproving the lives of a future generation
Inequalities in childhood reflect broadly of class, race, and gender divisions that
are entrenched in societies; various forms of structural violence
oInequalities can be lessened or intensified among children (i.e. the
presence or lack of social services and good or poor resource allocation)
Child poverty
oCanada’s world standing in child poverty is 13.3% and is not in the top 10
countries with lessened rates of child poverty
oGlobal rates of poverty affect childhood health especially for children
under the age of 5 with a majority of them being neonatal death
Diarrhoeal diseases and malnutrition and coinfection is syndemic
Diarrhoeal disease and malnutrition of children and infants has a lot
to do with maternal health
Increased susceptibility to syndemics because of environments that
are conducive to infectious diseases
Higher rates of morbidity and mortality in developing and third world
oMaternal health and income and looking at the poverty levels of women is
a reflection of child poverty due to SES in women
Childhood requirements (look @ slide 7)

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oAll aspects of the environment
Protection (etc.)
Requirements that go beyond the family and enter into the
oChild growth and development
Infancy= period of brain development (which may go to 7 years of
age due to brain development)
Nutritional support
Protection from disease
Aspects of SES in infancy
Adolescence= period of puberty and bodily changes as well as
brain growth
aspects of SES in adolescence
Height and stature (SES and class) as measures of growth and
Stature as a measure of growth and development= between
populations there are differences in that measure
oDifferences found in the archaeological record;
groups include:
Rural india
Ladino= increased growth and development in
height based on stature more than other
groups; reflection of inequalities in other
oHow plastic the human body is human social factors.
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