Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (620,000)
UTSC (30,000)

HLTC23H3 Lecture Notes - Century Child, Infant Mortality, Sigmund Freud

Health Studies
Course Code
Jason Ramsay

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 5 pages of the document.
MW170 HLTB Children’s health and development
Lecture 1 notes
May 7, 2012
- Star trek reference, authorization failed
- Email is
- No class reader, course content on intranet
- 2 assignments and 1 final exam, tutorials, 30x2 + 30 + 10
- Death upon conversation with neighbor or in general
- 0 tolerance policy for plagiarism
- Email the TAs not the Prof
- If you have problems ask a librarian
- Lecture slides will be posted after lecture
- 17 is a lucky number
- Tutorial dates will be posted later on, aiming for 5
- No reader suitable, all articles are accessible from intranet or library resources
- This course will examine childhood as a cultural institution, and overview of bio-psychosocial
- To examine environmental factors that influence development, global health threats to child
health and welfare, to promote resilience in children, covering issues that face children. This is
not a developmental psych course
- This lecture: define the childhood infancy, describe the natural history of childhood, talk about
where we are now, globally with respect to childhood, how this impacts the global health of
Childhood as a cultural artifact
- Unlike infancy, childhood is a social/cultural artifact
- Infancy is a biologically driven event with a genetically timed duration
- Childhood is a different story. It can be longer or shorter depending on several factors
The natural history of childhood:
- Neil postman, the disappearance of childhood
- Greeks had no real world for child in the ancient world, they did invent schooling, but children’s
lives were precarious
- Plato: “threats and blows like a piece of warped wood”
- Little concept of “child” as a category separate from “adult” in the middle ages
What constitutes childhood as a concept?
- Concept of shame
- Children are defined as a class of people who must be sheltered from adult secrets
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

- Sexual secrets
- This connects the concept of children as a group that requires special protection from adults
Roman law: protection
- AD 374, law forbidding infanticide
- Practice used to be acceptable
The middle ages
- Fall of the roman era due to barbarians
- Postman points out 4 points regarding the middle ages and the concept of the child
- Literacy disappears, pedagogy, shame, childhood as well
Disappearance of literacy
- Did not completely disappear
- Social literacy was gone for 1000 years
- Craft literacy remained, ie monks and scribes
- Reading speed was slow
Implications for illiteracy
- Business affairs were conducted annually
- All social interactions were face to face
- Entertainment was aural
- Knowledge acquired by ear
- All was talk and song
Implications for childhood
- Oral language develops much faster than written literacy
- Childhood shrank down to the early years
- If you could speak the kings language you an adult
- Adult age at 7
- In a literate world, children must become adults through learning to read and there are
mysteries and secrets
Implications, illustrated by brugel
- Unwillingness to hide nothing from children
- Absence of civility, albeit being pious and religious
- Did not have the same concept of private space
- Not repelled by human behavior and odors
- Not ashamed of bodily functions
- No evidence of toilet training
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version