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Health Studies (1,162)
HLTA02H3 (215)
Anna Walsh (20)

Chapter 15, 17, 18

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Anna Walsh

Chapter 15 Inequality, Family and Child Health In 2003, the share of total after-tax income of the richest 20% of the family units was 43.7% while for the poorest 20% it was 5% The number of poor people was nearly 5 million in 2003 and the poverty rate was nearly 16%--1.2 million children lived in poverty, a rate of 16.7% Certain groups face a higher risk of poverty including: unemployed persons, people who participation in the labor force is irregular, those with low educational levels, and those in certain occupations Those who are advantaged with respect to socioeconomic status are also advantaged in health status In 1960 the infant mortality rate was slightly over 27, in 2003 the rate was 5.3 Infant mortality rate in Aboriginal population is almost twice that of the general population Infant mortality rate vary by income groups The standard definition of low birth weight is less than 5.5 pounds at birth The average birth weight of a full-term infant is 7.5 pounds Low birth weight is the major cause of infant mortality Almost 6% of all live births in Canada result in low birth weight Low birth weight babies are likely to be born to very young (10-14) or very old (45+) mothers these people are twice as likely Premature babies account for over half of low birth weight babies Injuries are the le
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