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Lecture 4

HLTB15 Lecture 4.pdf

4 Pages

Health Studies
Course Code
Iva Zovkic

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HLTB15 Lecture 4 Thursday, February 7, 2013 12:14 PM Cue Column: Note-Taking Area: Social Factors, Health & Illness Social Factors & Health • Social class: different way of putting hierarchyto arrange people (class, occupationetc.) • Socio-economic status (SES): societal status with specific factors such as income, educationachievement ○ Referring to individual measures ○ Difficult to classifyfor example, some people don't finish education but they're millionairesetc. Main Perspectives • Social causation hypothesis: SES, social factors influences health; high SES, better health • Selection hypothesis: takes life course perspective ○ Low SES status children, less opportunities for educationetc. } leads to diff occupations--> poorer health status What about Psychosocial stress? • Coping mechanisms and how reflects health status ○ How respond to stress  Explains link of social factors to health  How to cope  Ex. Significant life event like death of a spouse ○ Mediating factors Coping - CrisisTheory • Crisis theory - homeostasis and equilibrium ○ They tend to go back to normal ○ Cognitive-Appraisal Model of Coping  How copes has a lot of how appraisalof situation  Resources,supportetc.  What helps in coping?  Social part  Social, psych, and personalitycharacteristicsact as a buffer  Social support - comfort  Social capital - community level □ Personality  Self efficacy - competency and capability of success ◊ Extent to which how much control they feel they have over their life □ Labeling & Social Stigma (Psychology)  Label on personal level ◊ Once labeled, felt powerless ◊ Felt invisible in community  Social level ◊ Social stigma: social reactionleading to spoiled ID/label Social Interactionismvs. Symbolic Interactionism • Social interactionism: how do they cope in general etc. ○ Individual level ○ How to avoid social rejection,discrimination ○ How can work hard to fulfill expectations; prove themselves Symbolic Interactionism: Meaning of illness, asking them • Health-RelatedBehaviours • Sick role
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