HLTB01 Chapter 9 10/22/2012 11:06:00 PM
Galen: four humors influenced both personality and health.
Blood: ruddy, sanguine personality
Melancholy (black bile): depression and degenerative disease.
Choler (yellow bile): angry and bitter
Phlegm: cause apathy
Bidirectional refers to a reciprocal relationship between physical and psychological health.
Transactional refers to a continuous process of change among multiple variables.
Personality processes: psychological factors studied in connection with health and
aging include traits, affective states, psychological symptoms, and beliefs and
Negative emotion: hostility, depression, anxiety
Positive emotion: control, self-efficacy, optimism and emotional stability
Psychological risk factors and health
Risk factor for CHD (coronary heart disease)
Two ways of assessing TABP (type Abehavior Pattern)
o Structured Interview (SI):
Easily aggravated, express hostility in some rather standardized
Quite annoyed by people whom they perceive to be slow and tend
to interrupt and finish sentences.
Angry and hostile when challenged, especially in social situations.
o Self-report questionnaires: JenkinsActivity Survey (JAS)
Not predict heart disease very well
o Decrease with age, instability
o Poorer health behavior habits: smoke, drink and weight more, less active.
o exhibit greater cardiovascular reactivity to stress
o higher levels of serum lipids such as LDLs and triglycerides.
CHD, sudden card