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Lecture

Lecture 4

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Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTC23H3
Professor
Jason Ramsay
Semester
Winter

Description
LEC 4 Feb 7 2010Socioemotional development Self RegulationPaper by Cybele Raver 1 can we use the same measures as average kids and use them on kids with different SESdemographic characteristics 2 what evidence is there that early envts supportcompromise development of self regulation 3 can studying underprivileged kids tell us new info about development in average contexts Children in Poverty exposed to various multiple stressors Infants and younf children in poverty are exposed to multiple ecological stressors residential instabilityhigh levels of neighborhood violence greater psych distress among adult caregiversImportance of Measurement Raver argues that the literature on the normative development of self reg Can be viewed from the perspectives of 1 measurement equivalence ex measurement of IQIQ test here is it accurate to take the IQ test to Africa 1970s IQ test biased against anyone who is not western white middle class used to taking tests Establishes whether a given set of assessments tap a latent construct such as emotion selfregulation similarly across racially ethnically or socioeconomically diverse groups so that meaningful inferences can be drawn from the data WHAT DOES THIS MEAN A good example of a controversy in measurement equivalence is the measurement of IQ In the 70s and to this day many researchers suggest that traditional IQ measures are biased against anyone who is not Western white middle class used to taking tests One author went so far as to suggest that because African children did poorly on Western IQ tests scoring in the mid70s on average they were genetically inferior to middle class anglo kids I would suggest that we allow the African children to devise their own Afrocentric IQ test to see how this western author would fareIf he did poorly on the Afrocentric IQ test would that mean that he was genetically inferior to Africans Africacentric IQ test Be able to work for a living at age 7 Feed your family on a salary of 5 a month Fend for yourself in the wilderness Avoid being sold into slavery or sex trade Know how to get water from a dry well Protect your younger siblings from predation Go to school when you can or it is available Try not to let the early death of your parents from HIV get in the way of getting an education as a result African children were said to be genetically inferior to middle class anglo kids therefore a more afrocentric IQ test would be more appropriate2 model equivalence refers to whether observed outcomes are similar or different across a set of predictors and outcomes are similar or different across 2 or more groups In the good old days models of cognitive development for example were assumed to be invariant across groups One model for all groups Recently this has been changed through the explicit testing for model equivalence across groups It is more likely for example that studies today will include contextual variables SES demographic variables ethnicity as important mediating variables This means that context is not controlled for in the same way that it once was one model for all groups but recently changed through explicit testing for model equivalence across groups Ex studies today include variables SES demographic variables ethnicity as imp mediating variablesmeans context is NOT controlled for in the same way it was before
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