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Lecture 2

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies

HLTB04H3 Healththe Urban EnvironmentHealth Studies Dept of Social SciencesUniversity of TorontoFall 2011Lecture 2 What is UrbanPopulation displosionpeople from different backgrounds are moving into an areaCities came before nationscity states were the most important in history I What is urban1CitiesoSuburban areas within cities such as Scarborough North York in the city of Toronto oCity center and the outer area oMost services are in the cityGTA such as public transit oThe outer area has less public things they has less public transportation and more driving cars oToday we have a larger city council which has changed over the years Physical and social space Geographically defined areas that are densely populated Inner city and periphery 2 Centers for employment industry social and health resourcesservices public libraries cultural venues ex museums public transit and other transportationairport 3Highly segregated geographic spaces reflecting inequality and unequal exposures to risks that threaten human health oMostly segregated by race Risk spaces Exposure to pollutants toxins noise overcrowding insecurity crime poverty 4Health and Urban environment 5What is Health II oMedical Traditionalabsence of illness oBehavioural Lifestylediet activity tobacco and alcohol use etcRisk Behaviours oSocioenvironmentalliving conditions Work with communities that are at high risk ex single parents elderly to help them improve their quality of their lives
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