HLT B17 WEEK 10
Mind-Body = separation of the mind and the body, studying the body as a object that is
separate from the context of people’s lives
Reductionism = breaking stuff down to look for one cause, looking at all the parts in
isolation of each other
Etiology = there is one specific cause of a disease, looking for symptoms rather than
looking at multiple causal factors
Machine = dominant metaphor, malfunctioning of the body and using more and more
machines to diagnose, detect, x-ray malfunctions of body
Regimen control = we are all responsible for our bodies and need to take care of them
Fallacy = most diseases have multiple causes, you can’t just find one main cause
Objectification = disease is only seen in physical terms, it becomes the only way that is
deemed appropriate to look at illness. But we know that ill health can be
unobserved. Example: mental health issues are not always observed.
Medical scientism = doctors are all knowing, they have all the answers, we don’t
Reductionist = reduces diseases to the cellular level by ignoring the broader social
factors that influence someone’s health.
Victim blaming = tendency to blame people for their ill health and whatever health
condition they have. The cause and solution is located within the individual. Tied to
healthism and the healthy lifestyle choices. Rather than their job/stress level/early life
Digital divide some people think it’s good because people can go into the doctor’s
office with more confidence
others say people don’t have the same level of understanding of health
BE ABLE TO STATE DIFFERENCES b/w healthy and unhealthy neighbourhood (slide
Health & illness experience/behavior – slide 18
Exploring the meaning behind lived experiences, micro-analysis of what it feels like to
be ill, exploration of lived experiences of someone going through an illness, battling a
chronic disease, videos exemplify the effects on the family members.
Salutogenic model of health
Focuses on the causes of health, why are healthy people healthy?
focuses on healthy people
Looks at the coping strategies that ward off disease
Contextualizing people’s health with SDOH
Key health producing trait = sense of coherence – feeling of confidence –
that internal/external environments are predictable ILES ARTICLE – true or false?
Authors show that participants in that study classified themselves as diseased but
considered themselves healthy to fulfill their social roles.
Working at an assembly line is an example of having high intellectual wellness. FALSE
1. What is an outlier? Why is it important? What is the 10,000 hour rule about?
2. It was the health education era. Doctor-patient interaction. Where and how to
access health services.
3. People will take health related action if certain things fall into place. One of those
things are perceived severity. Is what they’re doing severe enough to change
paths? Perceived benefits. Motivation.
4. Ignores the broader SDOH and social/economic status. Makes it seem that
health is a rational mathematical process. Health is linked to a lot of interlocking
things, some of which people have no control over.
1. Know the definition and why it’s impactful (slide 7)
It wasn’t just the absence of disease. It was more positive. They linked it
to broader issues. More inclusive and holistic.
Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and
not merely the absence of disease…
2. Lalonde Report
First international document that stated that health depended on a
variety of factors
4 key factors: environment, biology, access to care, lifestyle
KNOW differences between second and third hand smoking
Obesity slides = why are they problematic
Slide 18 don’t need to know armac conference
Know enable and mediate strategies
Enable = equity, reducing differences in health outcome
Mediate = having a coordinated action by everyone.
Know these three:
Strengthening community action – enhance self-help, social support
Strengthening personal sk