IDSA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Mahbub Ul Haq, New International Economic Order, Amartya Sen

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Lecture 4 - Freedom and Security
Development Strategies:
1. Basic Needs Approach
oThe International Labour Office created in 1919 was integrated into the UN in 1945
oAddressed the inequalities in poor countries to ensure that necessities were available, i.e. food, water,
and shelter
oAlso guaranteed basic services, i.e. access to water, healthcare, schools
Why might there be resistance to this point of view?
oDeveloping countries wanted better and more equal trade relations; they wanted to reform and create
cartels to manage and control their resources, and to be able to hold legal power against others - vouched
for an ultimate change in the economic systems
oInitiated to remove the World Bank as it was more focused on the views of the Western nations and not
in the best interests for the developing countries
oThe World Bank and Bretton Woods systems focused on basic needs approach, but the developing
countries did not follow suite. The New International Economic Order (NIEO) was initiated to revise the
international economic systems that developing countries favoured
1. Human Development
oAmartya Sen's Capability Approach : where individuals should decide what is the best for them and what
development means to them (not chosen by the state whom lists x, y, z is good for everyone)
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