LINC47H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Reduplication, Sociolect, Mosquito Coast

88 views5 pages
21 Jun 2016
School
Department
Course

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

FRE/LINC47H – Pidgin and Creole Languages
Lecture 7
Lexicosemantics - Ch. 4, p. 106-136
synchronic approach=comparison where the lexicon provides certain evidence
b/w superstrate.
evidence b/w similarities of creole languages
Diachronic= how languages were developed historically
External Lexical Influences
- lexicon - evidence for similarities between creoles that have the same lexifier language
(ex. French-based Creoles)
In early contact situations, creoles started out from pidgins
the vocabulary came from superstrate (lexical source language) b/c the
administrations of government in colonization.
-therefore, superstrate continued to affect the creole.
reinforced in colonies - language of administration
Atlantic creoles was based on different European languages share few words.
-ex. English-based creole don’t have many shared words as French.
few words from languages other than lexical source
Vocabularies differ in form but are similar in terms of kinds of words and change
that the words underwent.
Common African substratum and restructuring= grammatical base
ex. reanalysis of morpheme boundaries common in most creoles
CF il est => li / le
(he is)
Morphology= studies the parts of the words that gets attached to have meaning.
Pidginization and the lexicon
lexicons of early pidgins small
19C South Seas jargon - 300-400 words (less stable, pre-pidgin)
Chinese Pidgin English - 700-750 (trade purposes)
lexicon got more bigger and stable~ therefore less likely to die out
elaborated / extended pidgins - much larger lexicon (very stable)
ex. Cameroonian English (pidgin)
Superstrate sources
most of lexicon has identical forms
*notice that there is similar orthography that follows phonetics.
ex. JCE buk ≈ E book
ex. HCF Ayisyen ≈ F Haïtien (E Haitian)
ex. HCF chemiz ≈ F chemise (E shirt)
1
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
if in contact with source languages through diglossia, continued to draw on lexical
source language to augment vocabulary
*notice that they often sound the same b/c it came from the source language.
ex. GCF otèl ≈ F hôtel (E hotel)
ex. GCF antibyotik ≈ F antibiotique (E antibiotic)
60% of Haitian CF has direct parallels to lexicon of contemporary French
a lot of French that were very old variety
Archaic usages
came from previous generation of speakers of lexical source languages
ex. Sranan CE wenke ≈ E wench
ex. HCF ba/bay ≈ F bailler (E give)
archaic pronunciations
ex. HCF frèt / vèt ≈ F froid / vert (E cold / green)
*old French=yellow highlighted
ex. Miskito Coast CE /baIl/ ≈ E boil
(/oI/ after 1800)
*notice the difference in phonetic and phonology of those two~
Survival of Regional Usages
creoles preserve forms, meanings and pronunciations of regional dialects
Nautical speech
b/c they spent a lot of time on ships~ from one island to the next.
maritime colonies, a distinctive sociolect
sociolect changes based on gender, age, socioeconomic~
-ex. hip-hop music
semi-illiterate captains and masters
more into creole
certain nautical terms used in creoles with different lexical base
ex. Indo-Portuguese disembarc
ex. HCF isé (Eng. lift) Nautical F hisser (E hoist) – instead of F lever
Slang and vulgar language
from dialects of particular social classes
lost vulgar meaning
ex. Sierra Leone Krio CE
piss ≈ urine / pisbag ≈ bladder
hehe~ sometimes hear others say piss but rarely hear pisbag to people in this century :P
Can you decipher the following phrases?
phonetically based; lexicon change in abbreviation
1. HCF Tout moun desann lavil. Meaning :Everybody goes downtown.
2. JCE Den yu a go kom tinait? Meaning : Then you going to come tonight.
2
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class