political science

3 Pages

Management (MGT)
Course Code
Douglas Portmore

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Week 7: Labour Migration Labour migration:  Main characteristics: o Temporary arrangement – has expiration date (2-3 years max) o Document/permit – legal contract b/w worker and employment o Conditions o Expectations: home – after their contract is expired they are expected to go home, not to stay  Labour migration vs. other kind of migration Historical background of European labour programmes  Aftermath of world war 2 (late 60s) = too many people were killed, they had a drastic shortage of workforce… they needed to rebuild their economy.  Model of ‘rotation’ – to rotate the workers to make sure they are in and out… wont stay long enough to take root  Assumption of ‘labour but not people’ = they were oblivious about the different of the two, huge mistake…. Accepted the person to fulfil the job without making connections to the society and its people o Their presence effected the situation The domestic impact of labour migrants  Reasons for stopping Temporary Migrant Workers Programs (from the early 50s to early 70s) o Oil crisis in 1973 = Recession results in high unemployment in Europe o Dependence of economic sectors = constant flow of migrant workers in sectors like construction, became dependent on migrant workers o Growth of families = easier when you are young and single or older with a family… when the migrants overstays their original terms (renewed or illegal) start to settle down and get married or bring their family from back home… govt sought to end this o Union participation = migrant workers looked to unions for defence of human rights  Reasons for labour migrants to stay: o Life cycle o Recession back home o Partially integrated – develop social relations, links, attachments and feelings o Liberal democracy – cant just expel these migrants, need a case to why they are doing this o Political advocacy groups – groups to help fight with human rights laws against the government … making a case for them to stay  Long-term consequences o Neighbourhoods – segregation  Can be a natural selection of the migrants or actually a political decision by the govt  They want a specific identity of an area of housings = ghettos (significantly poorer… social stigma and social inferiority) o Emergence of networks  Belonging to clubs and institution  Natural need to share identity and interests: to feel at home… to recreate conditions that make one feel at home o Ethnic tensions o integration Relationship b/w labour migration and the European union  shift in political view o limits of outsourcing (tourism, infrastructure, education and construction = need migrant workers to fill need )
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