Class Notes (806,875)
Canada (492,494)
Philosophy (915)
PHLA10H3 (172)

lec 5.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
William Seager

lec 5 1/24/2012 9:16:00 AM Summary of last lecture –what is happiness, and the problems with Aristotle  Pure happiness—you are happy just because happiness itsels, not other reasons –you should not be happy for something else. o This is talking about instrinsic reason for being happy o The opposite is the instrumental /utilitarian reason for being happy  Problems with Aristotle’s’ propositions o Why individuals have diffenrse definitions about happiness?  Pursue different things if you are different persons, because your destination is different o Only human can do intellectual contemplation  This is a necessary component of human , and hence constitutive of happiness  Some of the parts we may have in other animals o Something have functions, what about human? What is the function of human?  intrinsic and instrumental desisure  if you have a function, it is talking about instrumental meaning  you are being valuable for something in life,  it’s your life, and our individual life, pursuits, tates, capacities and enjoyment – these are what make life worth living or not,  so human being, as such , have function , which is talking about for other stuff ,  your function is to serve the state? The god? –it’s not what you have in your life, it’s something else in your life that make you a tool , a slave  so note the distinction between o instrumental—good for something else o instrinsic—godd for itself –human  so human as such , don’t need function virtue thics  social animals  then we ought to do? –nothing logically follows: unless you have a premise about what social animals should behave, this arugment about social animals is nonesense o for example:if you are social animals, then you should behave in this way –this is the additional premise you need to support this arugment o this additional premise is not hard to accept  if you want to accomplish the membership of society, then you should behave like///  it’s painful to be astrocyte –to be shawned, and segreaged o but it’s always possible to say: I’m just going to live out and not belong to society. Merit and virtue: paradox  If you are virtue, then you don’t need to be appreciate by others, cause it comes naturally to you  Then there’s nothing special about what you do, o So you don’t need to be credited, or merited , to give gratitude,  So if you really want to deserve merit and praise, then you should not be virtue o See Decarts: actually takes o Takes a view , an action, to be done not with con o Has the great moral worth, in so far, to overcome your inclinations ; because if you did it just because you feel like it, then this is no moral value  Two persons, one make huge effort to be nice, and feels tired and compelled; the other just be nice in a natural way, no need to
More Less

Related notes for PHLA10H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.