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Lecture

POLB80H3 Lecture Notes - Human Nature, Neoliberalism, Game Theory


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB80H3
Professor
Francis Wiafe- Amoako

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POLB80 TUTORIAL
Wednesday, September 28, 2011
– Realism
Power to dominate states
Power=important
States = self interested
Anarchy prevails
States are all equal in terms of international level
Conflict = war force
Human nature is competitive
Neorealism *
Power to dominate own security
Most important aspect we need to seek is security
Human nature is cause of conflict
Security driven
Focus on observable data and objective events/data
Structure – system level
States are still the most important actors
Liberalism
Believe that cooperation is
possible and wanted/advantageous
states are still the most important actors cause they’re the ones who carry out al the
things in international relations
they create treaties
IO = 2nd most important
Human nature as good
States are rational because human beings are rational
Neoliberalism*
Same concept as but bring in methodology and study of science and data
Same concept, more scientific
More emphasis on non-state factors esp IOs
Social Constructuralism *
Focus on relationship between actors and social context
Use this tenant to explain change over time
believe in ideas, beliefs and meanings = Different identities = subject to change =
malleable
Doesn’t say ‘ you’re like this, I’m like this, this has to be like that
* 3 most important
Wednesday, October 05, 2011
Game theory
Tit for Tat Game – multitude of actors acting for a period of time, not with the same game,
interacted with different operations , starts off as prisoners dilemma