Class Notes (903,542)
CA (538,021)
UTSC (32,632)
POLC71H3 (52)
Lecture

Hume, Burke and Constant

5 Pages
56 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLC71H3
Professor
Stefan Dolgert

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íóõì[- women call for representation
x Women are not citizens
x What does it actually mean for women to be equal?
x Is it enough that they are given the right to vote or are there other structures of gender
inequality
o Modern theorists say that it is not enough to give women the right to vote
]vµµ}u}]ZÇVÁ}uvvv}Á}lUÁ}uv}v[ZÀ
rights
Colonialism and racism
x The great colonial and imperialists projects-1500-1600
o British, French, Portuguese empires
o Empires were justified under racial discrimination
They were bringing civilization to a undeveloped world
x Contemporary geopolitics
Hume, Burke and Constant-Conservative thinkers
David Hume
x Scotish/British philosopher
x Original Contract- essay
o Hume is concerned with the radical implications of contractarian theory thinking
(Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau)
o Locke argument for the necessity for society and government where the people can
draw from unilaterally
Hume fears this because he says this will lead to anarchy
>}l[PµuvZnatural rights precede government because it is
natural for us. Government is there by consent so we can pull away and leave if
they do not comply with our wishes- Hume states that this ideology of natural
rights will lead to anarchy and collapse of the state
x Known as a philosophical sceptic
x t}v[(}oo}ÁZµoÁ]Z]v}]ÇµÁZÀµo(}ZP}Àvuv- we follow
Z}v[ already in place
o Government came in a long time ago; most of them were formed through conquest and
bloodshed
Does not mean we withdraw support from government
Change occurs in society in time but change occurs through evolution, not
revolution
www.notesolution.com
x Canadian autonomy through evolutionary state as opposed to America
which was formed through a bloody revolution which afterwards in
1812 led to a civil war- occurred because people thought they could
force change, led to a bloody civil war and caused strife
Society Changes but it changes mechanically, not through forceful change
Claims all state of nature philosophies are a state of fantasy which people made
up
o We should conserve what we have and build on that- not force a revolution every few
years when we want change
Burke
x Father of modern Conservatism
x Reflection on the revolution of France
o King, beheading the king, the terror- leads to several bloody deaths, napoleon takes
over etc.
^ÁZ[Zv]vPv]}uÁZ}Z]
Agrees with Hume
x We are all prejudiced and prejudiced is good
o We have ties to other people and we have judgements based on our affections,
emotions, and instincts- society is based on this, not abstract reasoning and not on self
interest
Ex. Parents calculate that they invest time into their children so that they can be
taken care of later on while children obey because they will get something out
of it
Parents and children act on instincts, not on rational calculation which would
destroy the family; if people were to think in a calculated manner all the time,
there would be no family life. Bonds are prejudices which we have in families
So these prejudices are what keep society together
o µl}v[(vZ]À]v]PZ}(l]vP
o Burke states that we should look at the metaphor of the family as a way to look at
society
z}µ}v[ouÇ}µ(ZÁZvZP]lVÇ}µ}v[calculate how long his
sickness is going to cost you- you do it either way because they are your family
x This is how we should think about our government, who has protected
and nurtured us; so you owe them loyalty, your life
x You have been cared for so you have a responsibility to care for those
who have cared for you
x Good government needs religion, and needs religious people because without them, we are
uncontrolled
o Selfish, greedy, vain, cruel
o Religon reminds us of our religious duties and to act in a moral way
www.notesolution.com

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Description
[Z- women call for representation N Women are not citizens N What does it actually mean for women to be equal? N Is it enough that they are given the right to vote or are there other structures of gender inequality o Modern theorists say that it is not enough to give women the right to vote ]LZ Z}K}] Z8}KL LL}}l7}KL}L[Z rights Colonialism and racism N The great colonial and imperialists projects-1500-1600 o British, French, Portuguese empires o Empires were justified under racial discrimination They were bringing civilization to a undeveloped world N Contemporary geopolitics Hume, Burke and Constant-Conservative thinkers David Hume N ScotishBritish philosopher N Original Contract- essay o Hume is concerned with the radical implications of contractarian theory thinking (Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau) o Locke argument for the necessity for society and government where the people can draw from unilaterally Hume fears this because he says this will lead to anarchy >} l[Z2KLZZZnatural rights precede government because it is natural for us. Government is there by consent so we can pull away and leave if they do not comply with our wishes- Hume states that this ideology of natural rights will lead to anarchy and collapse of the state N Known as a philosophical sceptic N J}L[}oo}ZoZ]Z]LZ} ] ZZoZ}Z2}LKL- we follow Z}L[Z already in place o Government came in a long time ago; most of them were formed through conquest and bloodshed Does not mean we withdraw support from government Change occurs in society in time but change occurs through evolution, not revolution www.notesolution.com
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