Class Notes (838,387)
Canada (510,873)
POLB50Y3 (205)
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Political Science

Lecture Three: Multiculturalim February 3, 2011 Divided Sovereignty (Review) 1. Quasi-federalism o Powers divided amongst various levels of government o Not purely federal because of the federal governments ability to prevent provincial legislation 2. Competing views on confederationfederalism o Worry of loss of culturelanguage o Debates over balance of power 3. Different founding myths o Upper-Canada: Great achievement; British influence in North America o Quebec: Preserving the French influence in North America o Atlantic Canada: Effort to protect colonies from American annexation 4. Why do different founding myths matter? o Shapes the view of how Canada should look now o Desire for asymmetrical federalism, particularly from Quebec Distinct society clause Ability to veto constitution changes Population in Canada 1. Started with less than 5 million people at Confederation o Now more than 7 times as large o Heavy increase in population 2. Rapid growth in the West, stagnation in the East o More people live in the West than the East of Canada, but political institutions have not changed to adjust o Results in unequal representation in the Senate 685 000 people per one senator in B.C. 34 000 people per one senator in PEI 3. Senate representation is based on equal distribution, not population o Not based on bi-national province move - doesnt satisfy Quebec o Not based on tri-national mode - no official representation of Aboriginals o Not based on equal provinces - different representation for different provinces o Not based on population 4. Population and immigration o 20% of Canadians are Foreign Born 28% Ontario 50% Toronto 4-5% in NB, NS, and PEI
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