Class Notes (835,929)
Canada (509,507)
POLB50Y3 (205)

Lecture 05 Notes

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Political Science
Chris Gibbs

Lecture Four Aboriginal Politics Objectives To understand the legal and political mechanisms of the colonization of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada To understand the organization, goals and collective action of Aboriginal Nationalist and Sovereignty Movements in processes of decolonization The campaign of No Olympics on Stolen Land Aboriginal history is a large part of Canadian history Aboriginal Nationalist Movements Primary Goals: o Self-determination (cultural boundaries) who has the right to be considered Native American (Indian Act does not allow them to do) o Sovereignty (Political Power) Central mechanism through inter-state negotiated Treaty Settlements; they want to govern themselves Secondary Goals: o End economic marginalization and symptoms of oppression o Gain and enforce resource and territorial rights Most goals are attempted to be resolved via inter-state negotiated Treaty Settlements rather than violent protests Treaties and Treaty Rights Treaty: o A negotiated agreement, between an Aboriginal community and the Crown, which is intended to create mutually binding obligations Treaty Rights: o Specific rights of Aboriginal peoples embodied in the treaties they entered into with, first, the British government and then, after Confederation, Canada. These rights often address the creation of reserves and the rights of Aboriginal communities to hunt, fish and trap on provincial Crown lands. o They might also include self-governing responsibilities, including education, justice administration, community services, political authority Forms of Organizing Aboriginal Reserve Governance Systems (Acts as Advocacy Groups in Policymaking) National and Provincial Political Organizations Social Movement Activism Political Party (Aboriginal Peoples Party of Canada 2005) & (First Peoples Party of Canada 2004) First Nations are less likely, in the Canadian case, to organize and protest o Federalism allows Quebec to have a province to mobilize and create a collective identity around that province Aboriginal people dont have that
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